The New Moon of Yahweh

As promised here is my latest blog offering, which seemingly conclusively shows that Yahweh’s Set-apart calendar first given at Mt. Sinai always has and always will be reckoned by the conjunction of the moon and not by the sighting of the first sliver I hope that you will test the truths in this study, wrestle with the Word, just as I and our Father Ya’aqob (Jacob) also did, and that you walk according to the convictions of the Ruach (Spirit) revealed to your heart for “without faith it is impossible to please Elohim”


As promised in my previous post… Here is the “cloud of witnesses” – which seemingly altogether prove the set-apart calendar of Yahweh has always been by the hidden moon of the conjunction and never by the first sighting of the sliver.

Exhibit A – The authority of the Word of Yahweh Elohim

Psalm 81:1-3 – “Sing aloud unto Elohim our strength: make a joyful noise unto the Elohim of Ya’aqob. Take a psalm, and bring hither the timbrel, the pleasant harp with the psaltery. Blow the shofar in the re-NEW-ed moon (H2320 – chodesh), in the time appointed (H3677 – Keseh), on our solemn feast (H2282 – Chag).”

What exactly does keseh mean? When you look up the word in Strong’s concordance you are left just as puzzled as before you looked it up. It becomes as clear as mud! However, there is much, much better dictionary available to every believer – which beats the Strong’s every time… The Scriptures!

The law of first use is ALWAYS, ALWAYS the very best way to define any word found in the Scripture. Every single word found in Scripture – whether in the “New” or “Old” Testament is first used in the book of the beginnings – Genesis. If not the actual word – then the letter, parent root word. By looking up the context of the first usage of any word found in the Scripture – you can always be confident of the intended meaning of the word from Genesis – Revelation.

Note: For an abundance of information on this extraordinary and fascinating “secret” on how to best study and understand the Scriptures – I highly recommend you check out Brad Scott’s ministry web-site.

The very first (and second) time the parent root word for the Hebrew word keseh is used is found in Genesis 7:19-20.

“And the waters prevailed so mightily on the earth that all the high mountains under the whole heaven were covered (H3680 – kasah). The waters prevailed above the mountains, covering (H3680 – kasah) them fifteen cubits deep.”

Now, if you and I were looking down from Heaven above and we saw the whole earth was kasah and then testified under oath to exactly what we witnessed – would we mean that nothing was visible to our eyes and that everything on the Earth was completely hidden from our sight – by the covering of water or would we mean that we could just barely see the peaks of the highest mountains?

The unbiased and honest answer would obviously be that we meant that the surface of the entire Earth was completely hidden by the waters and nothing was visible to our sight – even the highest mountains (at that time) were completely submerged – by at least 15 cubits of water. I.e. 270 – 360 inches of water.

It is also interesting to note that the ancient Hebrew word picture for kasah is a money bag with the draw string closed around the opening. Now if the draw strings are pulled shut or wrapped tight around the opening of the bag would you be able to see the money inside or would the money inside the bag be completely hidden from your sight?

Exhibit B – The Babylonian Talmud

In the ancient record of the Babylonian Talmud there is a very reliable second witness to the definition of the Hebrew word keseh.

From the Babylonian Talmud, page 13:

“It is written [Psalms, 81:3]: “Blow on the new moon the cornet at the time when it [the new moon] is hidden on our solemn feast day.” (Added emphasis mine)

What is most remarkable about this second witness is the plain reality that this amplified record of Psalm 81:3 was written at a time in Jewish history when most of the Jews living in or around Jerusalem were presently watching to sight the re-NEW-ed moon according to the sighting of the light of the first sliver – not “when the moon is hidden.” In other words, the written record is in plain contradiction to the newly introduced – Sanhedrin custom – of keeping the calendar by observation.

The Feast of Trumpets?

Most believers, believe that Psalm 81:3 was written in reference to the feast of trumpets or Yom Teruah. I used to sincerely believe the same thing myself.

However, the verse refers to “our solemn feast day” which is the Hebrew word chag (2282). Chag is the Hebrew word used exclusively throughout the entire counsel of Scripture to refer to the three pilgrimage feasts of Pesach (Passover), Shavuot (Pentecost) and Sukkot (Tabernacles). It NEVER refers to the feast of Yom Teruah (Trumpets). So why do most believers, believe something that is impossible to be true? Could it be that the traditions of men have once again blinded us to the plain truth of the Scriptures – as revealed by the context of the entire passage of Psalm 81.

Psalm 81:4-7 – “For this is a law for Yisrael, And a right-ruling of the Elohim of Yaʽaqoḇ. He appointed it in Yehoseph (Joseph) for a witness, When He went throughout the land of Mitsrayim (Egypt); I heard a language that I did not know. He says, “I removed his shoulder from the burden; His hands were freed from the baskets. “You called in distress, and I rescued you; I answered you in the covering of thunder; I proved you at the waters of Meriḇah. Selah. Hear, O my people, and I will testify unto thee: O Yisrael, if thou wilt hearken unto me; There shall no strange el be in thee; neither shalt thou worship any strange el. I am Yahweh thy Elohim, which brought thee out of the land of Egypt: open thy mouth wide, and I will fill it.”

Clearly, this Psalm was written to remember the Exodus out of Egypt. It was only at the Exodos that they were set free from the bondage of slavery. It was directly after the Exodos that they were led by Yahweh to the waters of Meribah. It was directly after the waters of Meribah that the command was given to not worship any other Elohim besides Yahweh. And if that wasn’t enough to convince us – the very next verse plainly states He is speaking of our deliverance out of Egypt.

Now that we have firmly established that Psalm 83 is not speaking of Yom Teruah – the next logical question would be – how could it possibly be speaking of Passover??? After all, the Passover is never performed on the first day of the month and the psalmist clearly stated we should blow the shofar on the first day of the month – didn’t he?
The answer to our mystery is found in Ezekiel 45:18.

“Thus says Yahweh Elohim: In the first month, on the first day of the month, you shall take a bull from the herd without blemish, and purify the sanctuary.”

According to the prophet, the Passover of Yahweh is the only feast that technically begins on the first day of the month – with the cleansing of the temple. Furthermore, all of the first three feasts of Yahweh are all intricately connected to each other (i.e. Passover, Unleavened Bread and First Fruits) whereas the other five annual feasts of Yahweh are stand-alone feasts days fully independent from each other. I.e. Pentecost, Trumpets, Atonement, Tabernacles and the Last Great Day.

This is confirmed all throughout the Scriptures in that the days of the set-apart feast calendar are interchangeably referred to by the name of Passover and / or Unleavened Bread.

Exhibit C – More Scriptural Authority

“And the light of the moon (H3842 – Lebânâh) shall be as the light of the sun, and the light of the sun be sevenfold, as the light of seven days, in the day that יהוה binds up the breach of His people, and heals the wound of His blows.” -Isaiah 30:26

The Hebrew word for when the moon is showing (reflecting?) white light is Lebanah. It is from this same word from which we derive the modern word Lebanon – named for its famed snow white mountains. If the author of Psalm 81:3 wanted us to know the new month began on the day of the sighting of the first light of the moon he could have easily used the word lebanah and would definitely have not used the word keseh.

Exhibit D – All Known Verifiable Dates Prior To A.D. 71

As I shared in my previous post, every known date prior to A.D. 71 correspond with the first day of each month of Yahweh’s set-apart calendar beginning on the evening directly following the conjunction of the moon.

These dates originate from an essential piece of Jewish history that is heretofore hardly ever spoken of (or even known) outside of the world of Jewry scholarship.

The “Seder Olam” is an important (but certainly not infallible) witness concerning ancient chronology. It is also called by the title of “the Large Chronicle of the World”; and it is an ancient Yahudim Talmudic study of world chronology as seen through the eyes of the Yahudim. “The Seder Olam” is the key to determining what year the temple was destroyed as well as which year in the Sabbatical year cycles this event is recorded as transpiring. To answer the question of which year the temple was destroyed, it is necessary to examine the relevant passage in Seder Olam with some care.

Here is Guggenheimer’s translation:

“R. Yose says: A day of rewards attracts rewards and a day of guilt attracts guilt. You find it said that the destruction of the First Temple was at the end of Sabbath, at the end of a Sabbatical year, when the priests of the family of Yehoiariv was [sic] officiating, on the Ninth of Ab, and the same happened the second time.”

Wacholder used the following translation of this same passage:

“Rabbi Jose says: ‘Favorable judgment forbode favorable days and guilty judgments guilty days. You find it said: When the Temple was destroyed for the first time, that happened on a day after the Sabbath (Sunday), during a post-Sabbatical year, and during the Watch of Jehoiarib, and on the ninth of Ab; and so also when the Second (Temple was destroyed).’”

Anyone familiar with Michael Rood’s teaching on the chronology of Yahoshua’s ministry – knows that Michael asserts that Yahoshua died in 28 A.D. and Herod’s temple was destroyed in 68 A.D. These two corresponding dates are 100% essential to Michael’s conclusions. If either year can be outright disproven, then all of his research falls apart and becomes completely unravelled at the seams.

In order to disqualify the year 68 A.D. as the year in which the temple was destroyed, we must simply examine the date – the infamous 9th of Av.

In 68 A.D. the 9th of Av falls on a Tuesday – according to the reckoning of the set-apart calendar by the evening following the conjunction of the moon. If we reckon the first day of the month by the sighting of the first sliver of the light of the moon – the 9th Av falls on a Thursday; thus making it 100% impossible that the temple could have been destroyed in A.D. 68.

The two contradicting translations (above) tell us that the 9th of Av in the year in which the temple was destroyed, fell on either a Sabbath or the day after the Sabbath. No matter how you reckon the set-apart calendar – the stark reality is that either way the 9th of Av does not fall on the set-apart Sabbath day or the first day after the set-apart Sabbath day.

In the mean-time, in A.D. 70, the 9th of Av fell on a Sabbath day by the concealed moon calendar, while the 9th of Av fell on a Sunday by the sighting of the crescent moon (or one day after the Sabbath). Both reckonings of the set-apart calendar are therefore in agreement with either translation of the Seder Olam – at least concerning the second time the temple was destroyed.

However, the Seder Olam also testifies concerning the exact day of the fall of the second temple. What day does history record? In 587 B.C., the 9th of Av falls on a Sabbath day by the concealed moon calendar. It falls on a Sunday, by the first light of the moon. Once again, we observe that neither reckoning of the calendar can be proven – as both reckonings are in agreement with one of the two contradicting translations of the Seder Olam.

However, I personally hold to the Guggenheimer translation; and I have every reason to believe that A.D. 70 was – in fact – a Sabbath year. From all the research I have done heretofore, which of course, I believe to be accurate and true, 374 / 373 B.C. would have been a Jubilee year. A.D. 27 / 28 would have also been a Jubilee year – as well as the year A.D. 77 / 78.

If A.D. 77 / 78 is indeed the year of Jubilee, then A.D. 76 / 77 would be a Sabbath (Shmitah) year. This would mean that A.D. 69 / 70 was also a Sabbath (Shmitah) year. If 374 / 373 B.C. was, in fact, a Jubilee year; then 574 / 573 B.C. would also be a Jubilee year. The year of Jubilee falls every 50th year (Way yiqra / Leviticus 25:10). This reckoning would mean 575 / 574 B.C. would be a Sabbath year. The next two previous Sabbath years would fall from 582 / 581 B.C. and then 588 / 587 B.C. For those who do not know, the first temple is recorded as being destroyed on the 9th of Av in 587 B.C.*

For those of you have been paying close and apt attention; we now have established four different witnesses (i.e. two set-apart Sabbath days and two set-apart Sabbath years – according to Guggenheimer’s translation) which are all in 100% agreement with a document written over 1800 years ago! These four collective witnesses prove two very important truths once and for all.

First: For the very first time we have two verifiable dates and days that establish the set-apart calendar of Yahweh by the evening directly following the concealed moon – prior to the end of the first century A.D.**

Second: For the very first time we have two verifiable years that absolutely prove that the set-apart calendar is according to a continuous fifty-year cycle. This fifty-year cycle can easily be reckoned going forward or backward – counting by fifties. One thing Michael and I can absolutely agree upon is the irrefutable fact that Yahoshua began His earthly ministry in 27/28 A.D and that – that year was most definitely a haYovel (the year of Jubilee)!

It is very interesting to note: On the morning of the first of Aviv, the Pesach season of A.D. 70 began with a full solar eclipse over Jerusalem. The ancient sages taught that a solar eclipse portended evil for the entire world. I do not think I would get much argument that the world has witnessed great evil from A.D. 70 until the present.

I believe it could be very effectively argued that it was the destruction of the temple and complete annihilation of Jerusalem that was indirectly responsible for the dark / middle ages of history – as well as the perpetual persecution of all of Judah ever since. There are a miniscule few Jewish scholars who purport the temple was destroyed in A.D. 68. Obviously, those who hold to the A.D. 68 destruction date (like Michael Rood) have more than likely never heard of “The Seder Olam”.

In addition, Josephus records that on the 9th of Av, A.D. 71 (exactly one year later – to the very day), the Roman army returned to Yahrushalayim (Jerusalem) and venomously ploughed under the entire region with salt – as to ensure that nothing would grow in that region – if any of the remaining Jews attempted to immediately return to their land.

* Some would argue that the first temple was actually destroyed in 586 B.C. To those scholars I would simply answer – it is nearly impossible to get a verifiably accurate year for dates prior to the first century A.D. Not only does the 588/587 year agree with the historical record of the Seder Olam concerning the corresponding date and day – it also agree with the corresponding year being a Shmitah or Sabbath year. The year 587/586 does not agree with either the historical reckoning of the day / date or the year – according to any know theory concerning the set-apart calendar.

** Most people who adhere to the set-apart calendar according to the evening which follows the sighting of the first sliver of light do not realize that all the records which support this reckoning were all kept after the turn of the first century A.D. There are simply no known records of this reckoning prior to the destruction of Herod’s temple.

Exhibit E – All Known Modern Dates

One of the most disconcerting recent revelations concerning the Karaite calendar die-hards (aka Rood-ites) is that they are all – for-the-most-part – absolutely blind to the recent blood moon phenomena and the message of “The Harbinger”, by Jonathan Cahn. Not only can they not see the prophetic warnings for what they are, but they usually rail against these harbingers of judgment with mindless diatribe and learned, parroted rhetoric – which they learned from none other than Mr. Rood and Mr Nehemia Gordan.

Quite frankly, I find their response to these revelations to be no different from that of any other religious sect, which feels intensely threatened by any serious inquiry as to the soundness of their dogma or doctrine. The reason they feel threatened is really quite simple. It is an irrefutable fact that every single documented event since 1948 corresponds to the set-apart calendar by the hidden moon of the conjunction and none of these events correspond to Nehemia Gordan’s sighted-moon calendar.

The Blood Moon Tetrad of 2014-2015

You would have to have been living under a rock (or in cave) for the last five years to not at least be generally aware of the four blood moons. First “discovered” by Pastor Mark Biltz and then infamously exploited by Pastor John Hagee – the blood moons have been front-and-center on everyone’s end-times prophecy radar – accept for those in the sighted moon / Rood-ite camp!

Each one of the events occurred on the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread (Matzah) and the first day of the Feast of Tabernacles (Sukkot) – according to the concealed moon calendar.

The First High Sabbath of Unleavened Bread ~ April 15th, 2014
The First High Sabbath of The Feast of Tabernacles ~ Oct. 8th, 2014
The First High Sabbath of Unleavened Bread ~ April 4th, 2015
The First High Sabbath of The Feast of Tabernacles ~ Sept. 28th, 2015

However, most of these same believers are completely oblivious to the reality that there two more blood moons that will also be revealed on these exact same two days – against all conceivable odds! Yes, in 2016, there will be two more blood moons on the exact same days on the set-apart feast calendar of Yahweh.

However, because the majority of believers are mostly ignorant to how Yahweh’s calendar operates, they will all be celebrating the set-apart feasts a full month late. This will be the sixth time – since the State of Israel was born-again in 1948 – that the traditional calendar (Hillel) will cause those who desire to honour the feasts of Yahweh – to do so a full month late.*

Following, are the dates of the up-coming blood moons and the correct dates for honouring the Creator’s set-apart feast days.

The First High Sabbath of Unleavened Bread ~ Mar. 23rd 2016
The First High Sabbath of The Feast of Tabernacles ~ Sept. 16th 2016

Solar Tetrads?

In addition, to these “hidden” blood moons, there will be two more identical solar eclipse events this year that will exactly mirror the events which occurred on Yahweh’s set-apart feast days in 2015. In 2015, the solar events occurred on the first day of Yahweh’s set-apart feast calendar and also on the first day of Yahweh’s set-apart civil calendar. I.e. the Shmitah / Sabbath — Hayovel / Jubilee calendar.

The First Day of Nissan / Aviv ~ Mar. 20th, 2015
The Feast of Trumpets Yom / Rosh Hashanah ~ Sept. 13th, 2015

Following are the dates of the identical upcoming solar events on theses exact same two days.

The First Day of Nissan / Aviv ~ Mar. 9th, 2016
The Feast of Trumpets Yom / Rosh Hashanah ~ Sept. 1st, 2016

Patterns Throughout History

It has been taught that the blood moon tetrads have manifested six previous time over the last twenty centuries. According to the research that has been published, all of these blood moons happened during or directly after a major event in history – especially Jewish history. If this research is true, and the pattern has been firmly established that the tetrads have never happened before the major event – but always afterward – then may I suggest the possibility that this time the tetrads have manifested prior to the major events.

After all, once mankind has established a viable pattern – the King of the Universe likes to change things up just a little – so as to keep us on our toes – so to speak. He doesn’t want us to know everything – only that which He has chosen to reveal – according to His Sovereign will.

Harbingers of Judgment

In his book “The Harbinger”, Jonathan Cahn documents how the stock market fell – the exact same percentage amount on the exact same day – exactly seven years apart – according to the concealed moon calendar.

The Stock Market Crashed exactly 7% on the 29th day of Elul in 2001.

It fell exactly 7% again on the exact same date (the 29th of Elul) in 2008.

The day that this event happened on was the 29th day of Elul and is the last possible day of the year for cancelling all debts in a Shmitah / Sabbath year. It is also the day of the evening of the Feast of Trumpets. I.e. Yom Teruah / Rosh Hashanah (The first day of the set-apart civil calendar of Yahweh.)

On the 29th day of Elul in 2008, the Stock Market Crashed 777.7 points. The next day on the morning of Yom Teruah 2008 every head-line in the western world read – 777.7 in their front page caption. On that very same day the Pope’s calendar and the Hillel calendar added up to the sum of the market point drop.

2008 A.D.
+ 5769 Hillel
= 7777

Most remarkably, the civil new year of the set-apart calendar had only just begun – just hours before the market closed that fateful day. Even though neither of these calendars are directly authorized by Yahweh – both calendars submit to the supremacy of Yahweh!

Exactly ten days later on Yom Kippur (The Day of The Feast of Atonement), the Dow Jones fell again. The market point drop was exactly 678.910 for a percentage total of 7.3%.

One respected commentator stated that he believed this could very well represent the 6th, 7th 8th, 9th and 10th commandments and that the 7.3% percentage drop would also testify to the number ten. All the nations will be judged on Yom Kippur sometime in the near future for breaking and completely disregarding the royal law of Yahweh – which brings freedom.

Personally, I agree with 99.9% of the revelation brought forth by Jonathan in his book “The Harbinger”. I honestly believe it was inspired by Heaven. However, I cannot say the same concerning his Sophomore effort, “The Mystery of the Shmitah”. Whereas, I personally believe, “The Harbinger”, is perfectly sound in both presentation and substance, the very premise of “The Mystery of the Shmitah” is fundamentally flawed at its foundation.

It is the very nature of man to take the revelation given to us by Yahweh and then add additional information to it – presuming the information to be further revelation. I, of all people, should know! I did the exact same thing! In the summer of 2012, I received heavenly revelation concerning the Feast of Trumpets 2016 and 2017.

However, I mistakenly took an abundance of additional information that was put before me around that same time and presumptuously mistook it to be additional revelation. When September 5th and 6th came and went in 2013 – I was proven to be a false prophet – who had presumptuously spoke in the Name of Yahweh that which He did not reveal. That was a very hard and humbling lesson for me to learn – in another time and place – I would have been sentenced to death – for this capital crime.

Unfortunately, it would seem our dear brother Jonathan has made a similar fatal error. In “The Mystery of the Shmitah” he represents blatantly contradicting information to the revelation that was first given in “The Harbinger”. After carefully laying out the seven-year pattern of the Shmitah in “The Harbinger”, Jonathan boldly proclaimed to the world that another Smitah shaking event would fall on or around the 29th of Elul in 2015 – which would agree with the striking seven-year pattern revealed in “The Harbinger”.

However, in “The Mystery of the Shmitah” Jonathan claims that the years 1917/1918 and 1967/1968 were in fact Jubilee years and that the Balfour Act and the capturing of Jerusalem by the Jewish people “prove” this claim to be true. Taking Jonathan at his word would mean that the next Jubilee year would naturally occur in 2017/2018 – which would be preceded by a Shmitah year according to the Scriptures – which would naturally have to occur in the years 2016/2017 – not 2015/2016.

However, not one single interviewer or book reviewer (that I am presently aware of) have bothered to address this fatal flaw and confounding contradiction. It almost seems as if Heaven itself has blinded both the author and his audience to this fundamental error.


Ever since the State of Israel was reborn in 1948, every single meaningful date corresponds to the concealed moon calendar and not to the calendar which depends of the first sighting of the sliver of the moon over Jerusalem.

On Yahweh’s set-apart calendar (not the calendar of rabbinic tradition – i.e. Hillel) the nation of Israel was reborn on the Sabbath day on the evening of Shavuot. I.e. Pentecost. How amazing is it that the nation of Israel would be reborn on the very weekend of the feast designated for celebrating re-birth?!

For example: Most non-Jews are completely oblivious to the fact that 9-11-2001 was the 23rd day of Elul. It was on this very same day that the Oslo peace accords were signed eight years earlier in 1993. The media were invited to a public signing four days later on the 27th of Elul, however, the actual covenant of death signed by Rabin and Arafat was on the 23rd day of Elul.

Do you really believe that it was simply a mere coincidence that 9-11 fell on the 23rd day of Elul in 2001? More Jews live in America than anywhere else in the world outside of Israel. More American Jews live in New York than anywhere else in America. It was an American President on American soil that manipulated / coerced an Israeli prime-minister to agree that the land of Israel belonged to the Arab Muslims and not to the Jewish people – in front of the entire world.

There is no doubt in my mind that the beginning of the end was on the 23rd of Elul 1993. Everything we have witnessed since that time is the unexpected and unintended collateral damage of the covenant of death we have come to know as the Oslo accords.

Exhibit F ~ The Missing Records

While it is true that records were carefully and meticulously kept for the first sighting – of the first sliver of the moon – over Jerusalem – for more than three hundred years… It is also true that there is not a single verifiable record of this practice prior to 70 A.D. and the subsequent return of the Jews to their beloved temple mount – following their defeat and dispersion by Titus. How come there are no known records of this event prior to A.D. 70?

Exhibit G ~ The Sanhedrin / Samaritan Conflict

History records that the “apostate” Samaritans also kept the set-apart calendar of Yahweh. They were only considered apostates (and thus hated by the Jews) because they did not recognize Jerusalem as the rightful place of worship – otherwise they were zealous for Yahweh and His Torah. Prior to the 70 A.D. dispersion of the Jews there was no recorded dispute between the Yahudim (I.e. the Jews) and the Samaritans concerning the set-apart calendar of Yahweh.

However, when the Yahudim returned from dispersion they then began to accuse the Samaritans of intentionally lighting their signal fires early to confuse and deceive the Jews as well as to undermine the authority of the ruling Sanhedrin. Ask yourself, who is most likely to change their calendar, the apostate cult that remained in the land or the apostate cult that had been dispersed for more than a generation and then returned?

Most serious scholars refuse to even consider this discrepancy and ongoing dispute over the two calendars following the dispersion of 70 A.D. Is it possible that the reason for the centuries long dispute was because the Samaritans continued to correctly commence their months by the conjunction of the moon – while the Jews adopted yet another practice of pagan tradition?

Exhibit H ~ The Muslim Calendar

Why does every major pagan cult in the world reckon their calendar by the sighting of the first crescent and not by the concealed moon? The Muslims and the Hindus both keep their calendars by the observation of the first sliver of the light of the moon as do countless other lesser known religious sects.

As believers in Yahweh, do we walk by faith or by sight?

Ha Satan (our adversary) is the great counterfeiter. E.g. Worshiping on Sunday – forsaking the seventh-day Sabbath.

How would the first light of the moon be considered a counterfeit first day of the month – unless the first day of the month is truly begins on the evening immediately following the conjunction?

Exhibit I ~ The Oral Torah

Moshe’ (Moses) was given the exact mathematical calculations of the conjunction moon-cycle (as recorded in the Oral Torah – not to be confused with the Talmud). NASA has only recently confirmed this to be 100% accurate.

Exhibit J ~ The High Feast Days of Passover and Tabernacles

The first high Sabbath of the Passover and the first high Sabbath of the Feast of Tabernacles always / only begin on the day of the full moon when they are reckoned by the concealed moon calendar.


Did Yahweh really say that the moon would rule the night in the Genesis account?
Would you be surprised to learn that it does not say that in the Hebrew Scriptures – only in the translations of the Hebrew Scriptures?

Here is what it says in the KJV translation.

“And Elohim said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years: And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth: and it was so. And Elohim made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: He made the stars also.” – Genesis 1:14-16

One of the reasons I admire the KJV translators is because they at least had the integrity to italicize all the words they added – because they thought them to be necessary for the flow of the intended thought. However, just because the translators all agreed to add a few words here or there – does not mean that every addition was necessarily inspired by Yahweh.

If you take away the italicized words, which the translators added to this particular text, then you are left with the following message.

“And Elohim made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night – the stars.”


Does the moon give its own light?

Does the moon shine every night – thereby ruling it?

How come the moon appears during the day many times each month?

The same Hebrew word which is used for light is the exact same word used for lights. The word in and of itself is indistinguishable as to if it is supposed to be understood “light” singular or “lights” plural. Like most Hebrew words, it is the context of the usage which determines whether it is singular or plural and even its definition. Many times translators will obscure the intended meaning according to their own learned bias. I personally believe that this is most definitely one of those times.


Every single night of every single year, the heavens have been declaring the esteem of Yahweh! The stars (aka the constellations) created by Yahweh have been declaring His covenant of favour ever since the beginning. The majority of us were taught there is a distinct difference between astronomy and astrology.

However, prior to the establishment of the Protestant church, astronomy and astrology were considered to be one and the same. They were inextricably connected! The Protestant’s reasoning behind the separation of the two is quite justifiable. What we have grown up knowing as astrology – is in all reality the complete perversion of the Creator’s original intent. For more than a few millennial, men have looked to the stars to prognosticate their own personal destiny – rather than to proclaim the eternal covenant of Yahweh.

Yahweh created the constellations to reveal His plan of salvation from the beginning. He then taught the meaning of the Mazzaroth to Adam who then taught it to his sons – who then taught it to their progeny, etc, etc. In his remarkable achievement, “The Witness of the Stars”, E.W. Bullinger documents in remarkable detail how all of the languages of antiquity – while differing in their naming of each of the constellations – share the same identical meaning.

For example: In Latin the name Virgo is applied – while in Hebrew the name Bethulah; However, in both instances the name means young virgin maiden.

While not without controversy, I personally believe that Yahweh declared to Moses (and also to us) that He created the Mazzaroth to rule the night – not the moon.

At the end of the day, after reviewing all of the research, the number one question I continually get is – how do you observe the New Moon if you cannot see it? Interestingly enough, this same question actually answers their question. If you cannot physically see the new moon over Jerusalem – due to inclement weather, for example – how do you observe the new moon?

Clearly, the commandment of Yahweh to observe the new moon has nothing to do with actually witnessing the first light of the moon appear in the evening sky over Jerusalem.

The second question I inevitably get asked is the question of how do you keep the new moon – if you cannot see it? Again, I must answer with a question. How is that the Samaritans – who are the only people group that have been living in the land of Israel perpetually since the eighth century B.C. – have always kept the set-apart calendar of Yahweh by the conjunction of the moon?


I am not saying that this is the final word on the calendar. I am not saying that I have it all figured out and that everyone else is wrong. However, what I am saying is that there is seemingly a cloud of witnesses that testify to the reality that the sighted moon calendar is in all reality a modern work of fiction and not the set-apart calendar of Yahweh – by the concealed moon – first given to Moses.

I hope that this blog will facilitate a brand new discussion on this topic. I hope that we will all realize that true Hebraic thought means that we can heatedly discuss the weightier matters and even disagree on our conclusion(s) and still love one another as we love ourselves. Surely, the covenant we are all made partakers of by the shed blood of Yahoshua – for the remission of our sins – is far greater than any matters of dogma or doctrine – which we are yet wrestling to understand in their fullness.

Shalom Aleichem,
Robert Arthur McDuffie – Gal. 6:14

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  1. Here is a very well written article – for further edification concerning the calendar…

    When is the Biblical Year Extended by a Month?

    Posted by James Trimm on March 13, 2016 at 8:00am

    When is the Biblical Year Extended by a Month?

    By James Scott Trimm

    Up until the year 358 the Hebrew Calendar was regulated by astronomical observations. Witnesses would give testimony of their observations to the Sanhedrin, which would based on this testimony, declare the beginning of the month, and determine when the additional month (Adar II) was to be added. But in the year 358 the Christian Roman Empire outlawed the Sanhedrin, ordering it disbanded (the Nazarene Sanhedrin was also banned at this time). The last act of the Rabbinic Sanhedrin was to establish the so-called “Hillel II Calendar (discussed later in this article) which could continue indefinitely without observations.

    This coming year the Rabbinic Calendar (Hillel II) is adding the additional month of Adar II to this year, but the true and original observational calendar does not call for the added month until next year (not this year) so the true calendar will be running about one month earlier than the Rabbinic calendar beginning with Purim (because Rabbinic Jews will celebrate Purim during Adar II which they will be adding this year.

    Be prepared, if you are keeping the true calendar, this year you will be keeping feast days about a month earlier than the Rabbinic Hillel II calendar, and then we will be adding Adar II, which will put us back in sync.

    A solar year is 365.2425 days and a lunar year (twelve lunar months) is 354.37 days. As a result the lunar year will fall behind the solar year by 10.8725 days each year. As you can imagine, without some system of correction, the Hebrew lunar calendar would fall behind by more than a month over a period of three year, and in a short time, the seasons will totally fall out of place, the Spring months will soon be taking place in winter. There has been much controversy in the movement about how to resolve this problem.

    The Karaite System

    The Karaites determine the beginning of their month of Aviv by looking for green ears of the barley. When they find the barley they then declare that next New Moon the month of Aviv. This means that if they do not spot barley before the New Moon immediately following the month of Adar, they enter a limbo period, until a New Moon after barley is spotted. Normally this would be the next New Moon, but if there is a famine and no crop at all that year, it could last twelve or thirteen months.

    The First New Moon After the Equinox?

    Some have argued based on Calendrical evidence found among the Elaphantine Papyri, that the first new moon after the Spring Equinox is always the beginning of the new year (i.e. the first of Nisan), and that Adar II is added to the year whenever calculations show that the first of Nisan would otherwise occur before the Spring Equinox.

    This system comes from the Elephantine papyri, however these papyri are from an apostate community in Elephantine Egypt. This apostate group had their own Temple in Egypt which functioned alongside that of the local ram-headed deity, Khnum. They worshiped YHWH as a god within the Egyptian pantheon.

    The Elephantine papyri show that the Jewish community of Elephantine used the Egyptian and Babylonian calendars. (see Sacha Stern, “The Babylonian Calendar at Elephantine”, Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 130, 159–171(2000).)

    So these Elephantine papyri are not the best source for YHWH’s true calendar.

    The Modern Rabbinic System

    Modern Rabbinic Judaism has another system. Since the discrepancy between the solar and lunar years amounts to about 207 days every 19 years, the “leap month” of Adar Sheni (Adar II) is added to the third, sixth, eight, eleventh, fourteenth, seventeenth and nineteenth year of every nineteen year period, that is, seven times in a 19-year lunar cycle.

    The Modern Rabbinic system is a fixed arithmetic mathematical system intended to replace to ancient observational Hebrew system (which we will cover below). The observed calendar required the Sanhedrin to review the facts and make a decree. As we read in the Talmud:

    A. Cases involving flogging, [are judged] By three [judges];
    B. in the name of R. Ishmael it is said, By twenty-three.
    C. The intercalation of the month is effected by a court of three;
    D. the intercalation of the year, By three: so R. Meir.
    E. But R. Simeon b. Gamaliel says the matter is initiated by three, discussed by
    five and determined by seven.
    F. If however, it be determined only by three, the intercalation holds good.
    (m.Sanhedrin 1:2)

    And in the Gemara to this Mishna we read:

    Our Rabbis taught:
    A year cannot be extended
    unless the Nasi sanctions it.
    (b.Sanhedrin 11a)

    The fixed system was established on the authority of Hillel II, Nasi of the Rabbinic Sanhedrin in 358 CE. At this time Rome had outlawed the meetings of the Sanhedrin. Constantius II, following the precedents of Hadrian, prohibited the holding of such meetings as well as the vending of articles for distinctly Jewish purposes. In shutting down the Rabbinic Sanhedrin, Hillel II set the fixed calendar in motion, so that the feasts could continue to be observed in Rabbinic Judaism without a Sanhedrin to regulate the calendar and declare when a year should be extended.

    The Original Observed Year

    So how does the original Hebrew observational calendar regulate the year?

    Perhaps we should begin at the beginning. In Genesis 1:14-16 we read:

    “And Elohim said:
    Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven
    to divide the day from the night.
    And let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years.
    And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven,
    to give light upon the earth. And it was so.
    And Elohim made the two great lights:
    the greater light to rule the day,
    and the lesser light to rule the night,
    and the stars.”
    (Gen. 1:14-16 HRV)

    The word for “seasons” above is MOEDIM (set times) the same Hebrew word used to describe the feasts.

    Notice that there is no mention of barley here, only reference to the Sun, Moon and stars.

    It is clear that the Sun regulates the beginning and end of the day and the moon regulates the beginning and end of the month, and that leaves the stars to regulate the beginning and end of the year.

    The Karaite system uses barley to regulate the beginning and end of the year, though no barley is mentioned in Gen. 1:14-16. Moreover the Karaite calendar makes no use of the stars at all. Thus the Karaite system is not compatible with Gen. 1:14-16.

    Now the Hebrew year was a cycle bisected across the middle, with two beginnings/endings marking the former and latter rains at the Spring Equinox and Fall Equinox.

    Every year at the Feast of Trumpets I hear well meaning people insist (based on Ex. 12:1-2) that the Feast of Trumpets should not be called Rosh HaShanna (The New Year).

    The truth is that there are two primary “new years” on the Hebrew calendar.

    Nissan is the Religious new year:

    And YHWH spoke unto Moshe and Aharon in the land of Egypt, saying:
    This month shall be unto you the beginning of months:
    it shall be the first month of the year to you.
    (Ex. 12:1-2 HRV)

    But there is another civil “New Year” Six months later at the month of Tishre.

    This is evidenced in the Torah as the Sabbath years are counted from Sukkot to Sukkot:

    10 And Moshe commanded them saying, At the end of every seven years, in the set time
    of the year of release, in the feast of Sukkot,
    11 When all Yisra’el is come to appear before YHWH your Elohim, in the place which
    He shall choose, you shall read this Torah before all Yisra’el in their hearing.
    12 Assemble the people–the men and the women and the little ones, and your stranger
    that is within your gates–that they may hear, and that they may learn, and fear YHWH
    your Elohim, and observe to do all the words of this Torah.
    13 And that their children who have not known, may hear: and learn to fear YHWH your
    Elohim, as long as you live in the land, where you go over the Yarden to possess it.
    (Deuteronomy 31:10-13 HRV)

    And the Jubilee year cycle begins with Yom Kippur each 50’th year:

    1 And YHWH spoke unto Moshe in mount Sinai, saying:
    2 Speak unto the children of Yisra’el, and say unto them, When you come into the land
    which I give you, then shall the land keep a Sabbath unto YHWH.
    3 Six years you shall sow your field, and six years you shall prune your vineyard, and
    gather in the produce thereof.
    4 But in the seventh year, shall be a Sabbath of solemn rest for the land–a Sabbath unto
    YHWH–you shall neither sow your field, nor prune your vineyard.
    5 That which grows of itself of your harvest, you shall not reap, and the grapes of your
    undressed vine, you shall not gather: it shall be a year of solemn rest for the land.
    6 And the Sabbath produce of the land, shall be for food for you: for you, and for your
    servant, and for your maid, and for your hired servant, and for the settler by your side that
    sojourns with you,
    7 And for your cattle, and for the beasts that are in your land, shall all the increase
    thereof be for food.
    8 And you shall number seven Sabbaths of years unto you, seven times seven years: and
    there shall be unto you, the days of seven Sabbaths of years, even forty and nine years.
    9 Then shall you make proclamation with the blast of the shofar, on the tenth day of the
    seventh month. In the Yom Kippur, shall you make proclamation with the shofar
    throughout all your land.
    (Lev. 25:1-9 HRV)

    Moreover Sukkot (also known as the feast of the ingathering) occurs at the “turn of the year” (KJV has “end of the year”):

    And you shall observe the feast of weeks:
    even of the first fruits of wheat harvest,
    and the feast of ingathering at the turn of the year.
    (Ex. 34:22 HRV)

    For this reason the first day of the month of Tishri (the month in which Yom Kippur and Sukkot occur) is not only the Feast of Trumpets, it is also called “Rosh HaShanna” (the Head of the Year).

    Now the word for “turn” in the phrase “turn of the year” in the Hebrew is “Tekufa”.

    This word TEKUFA is a key word in understanding the regulation of the year in the Hebrew calendar. The word TEKUFA literally means “cycle” or “circuit”. This word is also used to refer to the two solar equinoxes and the two solar solstices, and by extension, to the four seasons of the year. An equinox or solstice is called a TEKUFA and the Season that each TEKUFA begins is named in connection with the month in which the TEKUFA typically occurs.

    Fall/Autumn is called TEKUFAT Tishri.

    (The Season of Tishri)

    Winter is called TEKUFAT Tevet.

    (The Season of Tevet)

    Spring is called TEKUFAT Nisan or TEKUFAT Abib.

    (The Season of Nisan; or the Season of Abib)

    Summer is called TEKUFAT Tammuz.

    (The Season of Tammuz)

    Sometimes the Season is named without using the word TEKUFAH (season) just as we in English do not always say “The Season of Spring”. As a result the names of these months may refer to their lunar months, or to the season that also bears their name.

    As we read in the Talmud:

    Samuel stated: The vernal equinox occurs only at the beginning of one of the four quarters of the day viz., either at the beginning of the day or at the beginning of the night or at midday or at midnight. The summer solstice only occurs either at the end of one and a half, or at the end of seven and a half hours of the day or the night. The autumnal equinox only occurs at the end of three, or nine hours of the day or the night, and the winter solstice only occurs at the end of four and a half, or ten and a half hours of the day or the night. The duration of a season of the year is no longer than ninety-one days and seven and a half hours; and the beginning of one season is removed from that of the other by no more than one half of a planetary hour.
    (b.Eruvin 56a)

    The original Observed Hebrew Year in the Talmud

    Now we read in the Torah:

    Observe the month (chodesh) of Aviv,
    and keep the Pesach unto YHWH your Elohim:
    for in the month (chodesh) of Aviv,
    YHWH your Elohim brought you forth out of Egypt, by night.
    (Deut. 16:1 HRV)

    Now the Hebrew word CHODESH can refer either to a month, or to the beginning of something. Rav Hunna understood this verse as referring not to the “month of Aviv” but to the beginning of the SEASON (TEKUFA) of Aviv. As we read in the Talmud:

    Rabbi Huna bar Avin sent an instruction to Raba:
    When you see that the cycle [TEKUFAT] of Tevet [i.e. Winter]
    extends to the sixteenth of Nisan, declare that year a leap year
    and be not trobuled, since it is written:
    “Observe the month [hodesh] of Aviv”,
    i.e. Observe the Aviv of the TEKUFA [the Spring Equinox]
    in the earlier portion [hodesh] of Nisan.
    (b.Rosh HaShanna 21a)

    In other words Rav Huna understood this passage to mean that the TEKUFA of AVIV (the Spring Equinox) must occur in the first half of the month of Nisan.

    As we read also in Targum Jonathan:

    Be mindful to keep the times of the festivals,
    with the intercalations of the year,
    and to observe the TEKUFA thereof in the month of Aviv
    to perform the Passover before YHWH your Elohim,
    because in the month of Aviv
    YHWH your Elohim brought you out of Egypt;
    you shall eat thereof by night.
    (Targum Jonathan on Deut. 16:1)

    The next text of Torah we must examine is the following:

    And you shall observe the feast of weeks:
    even of the first fruits of wheat harvest,
    and the feast of ingathering (i.e. Sukkot)
    at the turn [TEKUFA] of the year.
    (Ex. 34:22 HRV)

    Rabbi Judah understood this verse as meaning that at least part of the Feast of Sukkot should be kept in the TEKUFA Tishri [Autumn/Fall]. As we read in the Talmud:

    Rab Judah said in Samuel’s name: A year is not to be intercalated [extended] unless the [spring] Tekufah is short of completion by the greater part of the month. And how much is that? — Sixteen days: so holds R. Judah.

    R. Jose said: Twenty-one days. Now, both deduce it from the same verse: “And the Feast of Ingathering at the Tekufah [season] of the year.” (Ex. 34:22). One Master holds that the whole Feast [of ingathering] is required to be included [in the new Tishri Tekufa]; the other, that only a part of the Festival [of ingathering] must [be included].
    (b.Sanhedrin 12b)

    Now the first day of Sukkot will generally occur 177 days after the first day of Passover. While the Autumn Equinox (Tekufa of Tishri) is about 183 days after the Spring Equinox (Tekufa of Aviv/Nisan). There is generally a six day difference.

    If the 15th of Nisan falls on the Spring Equinox, then the first day of Sukkot will fall about six days before the Autumn Equinox. And since Sukkot is seven days long (the eighth day generally thought of as another festival), at least one day of Sukkot would fall after the Autumn Equinox, thus fulfilling the requirement of Ex. 34:22 as understood by Rabbi Judah.

    This leads to the rule stated by Rabbi Judah:

    “A year is not to be intercalated [extended]
    unless the [spring] Tekufah is short of completion
    by the greater part of the month [i.e Sixteen days].”

    This means that at least 16 days of Nisan must occur after the Spring Equinox, meaning that the 14th of Nisan must occur after the Spring Equinox. If calculations how that the 14th of Nisan will occur before the Spring Equinox, the additional month of Adar II is added, thus pushing the 14th of Nisan (and all of Passover) beyond the Equinox and at least part of Sukkot beyond the Automn Equinox.

    You may have noticed that Rav Huna instructed Raba:

    When you see that the cycle [TEKUFAT] of Tevet [i.e. Winter]
    extends to the sixteenth of Nisan, declare that year a leap year
    and be not troubled,…
    (b.Rosh HaShanna 21a)

    This is not stating the rule, it is stating that in this hypothetical situation, it is not even a close call, and one can “be not troubled” in adding the additional month. Huna’s rule is stated in the words which follow these: “Observe the Aviv of the TEKUFA in the earlier portion [hodesh] of Nisan.” Meaning that the Spring Equinox must occur in the first half (before the 14th) of Nisan.

    The Spring Equinox was determined by the Hebrews by tracking the path of the sun through the constellations. As Josephus writes:

    In the month of Xanthicus, which is by us called Nisan, and is the beginning
    of our year, on the fourteenth day of the lunar month, when the sun is in Aries,
    (for in this month it was that we were delivered from bondage under the
    Egyptians,) the law ordained that we should every year slay that sacrifice which
    I before told you we slew when we came out of Egypt, and which was called the
    Passover; and so we do celebrate this passover in companies, leaving nothing of
    what we sacrifice till the day following.
    (Josephus, Antiquities, 3:10:5)

    Thus this system involves use of the stars in establishing the set times, which the Karaite calendar does not.

    The Original Observed Year Before Messiah

    Now one might suggest that these rules and understandings laid out in the Talmud were late inventions, and not the true ancient tradition of the Hebrew Calendar.

    However we have an even more ancient sources, which verify the antiquity and authenticity of this rule.

    Philo writes (who wrote about the same time as Paul) wrote:

    (161) But to the seventh day of the week he has assigned the greatest festivals, those of the longest duration, at the periods of the equinox both vernal and autumnal in each year; appointing two festivals for these two epochs, each lasting seven days; the one which takes place in the spring being for the perfection of what is being sown, and the one which falls in autumn being a feast of thanksgiving for the bringing home of all the fruits which the trees have produced. And seven days have very appropriately been appointed to the seventh month of each equinox, so that each month might receive an especial honour of one sacred day of festival, for the purpose of refreshing and cheering the mind with its holiday.
    (Philo; Decalogue 30, 161)

    So according to Philo, Passover must occur “in the Spring” (after the Spring Equinox) and at least part of Sukkot must occur “in the Autumn” (after the Autumn Equinox).

    Moreover we read in the Ecclesiastical History of Eusebius:

    12. The church of Laodicea was honored by two such pastors in succession, who,
    in the providence of God, came after the aforesaid war from Alexandria to that

    13. Anatolius did not write very many works; but in such as have come down to us
    we can discern his eloquence and erudition. In these he states particularly his
    opinions on the passover. It seems important to give here the following extracts
    from them.

    14. From the Paschal Canons of Anatolius. “There is then in the first year the
    new moon of the first month, which is the beginning of every cycle of nineteen
    years, on the twenty-sixth day of the Egyptian Phamenoth; but according to the
    months of the Macedonians, the twenty-second day of Dystrus, or, as the Romans
    would say, the eleventh before the Kalends of April.

    15. On the said twenty-sixth of Phamenoth, the sun is found not only entered on
    the first segment, but already passing through the fourth day in it. They are
    accustomed to call this segment the first dodecatomorion, and the equinox, and
    the beginning of months, and the head of the cycle, and the starting-point of
    the planetary circuit. But they call the one preceding this the last of months,
    and the twelfth segment, and the final dodecatomorion, and the end of the
    planetary circuit. Wherefore we maintain that those who place the first month in
    it, and determine by it the fourteenth of the passover, commit no slight or
    common blunder.

    16. And this is not an opinion of our own; but it was known to the Jews of old,
    even before Christ, and was carefully observed by them. This may be learned from
    what is said by Philo, Josephus, and Musæus; and not only by them, but also by
    those yet more ancient, the two Agathobuli, surnamed `Masters,’ and the famous
    Aristobulus, who was chosen among the seventy interpreters of the sacred and
    divine Hebrew Scriptures by Ptolemy Philadelphus and his father, and who also
    dedicated his exegetical books on the law of Moses to the same kings.

    17. These writers, explaining questions in regard to the Exodus, say that all
    alike should sacrifice the passover offerings after the vernal equinox, in the
    middle of the first month. But this occurs while the sun is passing through the
    first segment of the solar, or as some of them have styled it, the zodiacal
    circle. Aristobulus adds that it is necessary for the feast of the passover,
    that not only the sun should pass through the equinoctial segment, but the moon

    18. For as there are two equinoctial segments, the vernal and the autumnal,
    directly opposite each other, and as the day of the passover was appointed on
    the fourteenth of the month, beginning with the evening, the moon will hold a
    position diametrically opposite the sun, as may be seen in full moons; and the
    sun will be in the segment of the vernal equinox, and of necessity the moon in
    that of the autumnal.

    19. I know that many other things have been said by them, some of them probable,
    and some approaching absolute demonstration, by which they endeavor to prove
    that it is altogether necessary to keep the passover and the feast of unleavened
    bread after the equinox. But I refrain from demanding this sort of demonstration
    for matters from which the veil of the Mosaic law has been removed, so that now
    at length with uncovered face we continually behold as in a glass Christ and the
    teachings and sufferings of Christ. But that with the Hebrews the first month
    was near the equinox, the teachings also of the Book of Enoch show.”
    (Eusebius; Eccl. History 7:32:13-19)

    So according to Eusebius:

    “…the Jews of old, even before Christ, …Philo, Josephus, and Musæus; and not only … them, but also by those yet more ancient, the two Agathobuli, surnamed `Masters,’ and the famous Aristobulus, who was chosen among the seventy interpreters of the sacred and divine Hebrew Scriptures by Ptolemy Philadelphus and his father, and who also dedicated his exegetical books on the law of Moses to the same kings.)”

    Relayed the rule that:

    “all alike should sacrifice the Passover offerings after the vernal equinox,”

    And specifically Eusebius quotes Aristobulus as follows:

    It is necessary for the feast of the passover, that not only the sun should pass through the equinoctial segment, but the moon also. For as there are two equinoctial segments, the vernal and the autumnal, directly opposite each other, and as the day of the passover was appointed on the fourteenth of the month, beginning with the evening, the moon will hold a position diametrically opposite the sun, as may be seen in full moons; and the sun will be in the segment of the vernal equinox, and of necessity the moon in that of the autumnal.

    Aristobulus lived around 200 years before the time of Yeshua. So here we have our rule stated from a source much older than the time of Messiah.

    Restoration of the Observed Hebrew Year

    Now the Modern Rabbinic fixed system for determining the beginning of the year, was originally intended to produce the same result as the observational Hebrew calendar, however over the 1,600 years since it was enacted, the Spring Equinox has drifted, so that the fixed calendar does not always produce the same result as the observed calendar. In fact in 2008 the two diverged, the fixed calendar added the additional month of Adar II, but the original observed calendar would not call for the addition until 2009.

    Some voices in Rabbinic Judaism have suggested that an equal authority (a modern Rabbinic Sanhedrin) can either amend it or reinstate the observational Hebrew calendar. F or example, the Temple Institute website site suggests:

    “A new Sanhedrin sits today in Jerusalem. May [Yahweh] grant them the authority to accept testimony and proclaim the new month throughout the land. For the real battle in Israel is the battle over the calendar: for he who controls the calendar, controls the spiritual seasons of all living souls.”

    Of course the ancient Nazarenes had their own Sanhedrin (as we see in Acts 15). A true and correct understanding of Col. 2:16-17 and Romans 13-14 also reveals to us that the Beit Din holds the authority to regulate the calendar. While the meetings of the ancient Nazarene Sanhedrin would also have been outlawed by the same decree in 358 CE, which had outlawed meetings of the Rabbinic Sanhedrin, a restored International Nazarene Beit Din was established in 1996 which can, and should assume its natural historical role in declaring when a year should be extended with the additional month of Adar II (and when it should not be extended) following the rule that was used by our forefathers since long before the time of Messiah. Part of the marvelous work and wonder of the restoration, is the restoration of the original observed Hebrew year.

  2. Craig Marcantel

     /  September 21, 2017

    I have quickly scanned your comments, and have printed them to read and study your research. I am not surprised you may have found an inconsistency in Rood’s work. I have noticed many specific issues with his conclusions. Points which are minor, which with time Rood corrects. Points which are never noticed by the vast majority of people following his work. And “Yes”, I am met with disagreement when I point out such things to others.

    The point being, Michael Rood publishes some “assumptions” in his work to build a bridge across facts. He has two facts without something connecting them, so he inserts an assumption. When called on these assumptions, people are not typically warm about such challenges. Like you, I do not wish ill upon Michael, nor do I want to upset the apple cart, but I do want “truth”.

    You may be correct in your research. I don’t know. I will study it. However, I will offer my experience which says you may be correct in something, but not everything you have concluded. I have seen this happen to me often. However, this is how we strive to find the “truth” which Yehovah left for us.

    As for your experience and opinion of Rood’s professional manners, I have to tell you I have experienced the same. I have just completed a 9 yr project researching the Book of Enoch, which I tried to share with Rood 2 or 3 yrs ago. Rood learned of my efforts and will not discuss it with me, nor reply to any of my many letters. However, I have heard him criticize a specific fine point of my work publicly. His comment was clearly directed to me. It could have been no one else. The point was far too specific to be directed to anyone else. What is surprising is my work corroborates his research on “takanot”. I would think he would be welcoming my contribution.

    It would appear Michael harbors some bitterness about something in his life. A bitterness which is rooted deeply. I too have met Michael and attended many of his gathering for teachings. He has a lot to offer, but he is obviously hiding something, however I don’t believe he is hiding something deliberately to mislead people. I think he genuinely lacks the professional research skills necessary for the world he has chosen to engage. Michael is not aware how glaring his inconsistencies are to the skilled researcher.

    All that being said, I do believe Michael is moving us farther ahead in learning more of Yehovah’s truth. Just as you are attempting to do. Or, may have already done.

    I offer you a suggestion: Learn to water yourself at more than one watering trough. A steady diet of anything is not good.

    I am still aware of quite a few inconsistencies Michael Rood espouses. The difference between Rood and myself is that Rood is making money with his research and teachings. I am not. I am a chemical engineer and small business owner. I make a living with engineering. Rood makes a living with what he publishes. And therein may be the reason Michael Rood employs such a loose license in his publishing practices with his research.

    Still, I wish him the best. He has advanced my understanding of the bible, as many before him have. We have been charged with the responsibility “to study”, figure it out, continually learn. Just as you have done. Keep doing it, just as I have. Rood has attempted to shame me to abandon my research with Enoch. I will not. The material I have found in Enoch is massive. If Rood will not listen, then Rood will probably find himself having lost out one day. For there are many people around me who are listening and very interested, wanting more.

    I will read and study your work.

    There is only one with which we are instructed to “trust”, and that is our Messiah. Jeremiah informs us not to trust men. No man is to be trusted. Only our Messiah.

    Continue in your pursuit of peace.

  3. Craig Marcantel

     /  September 25, 2017

    I have studied your posts. I have to say you make some very good points.

    First, I would like to say I have often wondered why we didn’t begin the months when the moon disappeared rather than the first sliver.

    The day begins at dark and ends with daytime. Prophetically, the age before the Messiah was dark, then the Messiah came and announced he is the light of the world. Once again, dark came before light. I have seen this in other aspects. Yehovah makes everything occur in cycles with consistency. In everything He wants us to see patterns and apply these patterns for more thorough understandings. The pattern of dark arriving first, then light shows up in a few elements in the bible and Torah. It seems the same would occur with the moon cycle. We would begin the monthly cycle with dark and end with light.

    So, I have to admit I have wondered about the sighting of the first sliver of the moon. That you have experienced the same type of questions has piqued my interest. Your notes on Psalm 81:3 has my undivided attention. You make a persuasive argument. While I will not concede to you on this argument just yet, I will be studying your argument diligently. I think you may be on to something.

    I am also quite stricken by Rood failing to solicit Bob Wadsworth input prior to publishing his calendar. I have two degrees. One is engineering and the other in business. After graduating from college, I spent years in chemical research designing molecules and compounds and filing for patents. To use someone else’s work to substantiate your argument or data requires the professional courtesy to notify such persons before going to press with your publication. And this is done precisely to eliminate confusion, such as the reports you are submitting from Bob Wadsworth that Rood’s data is not what he submitted to Rood.

    To conduct oneself with such professional irresponsibility suggests either Rood doesn’t know or understand such professional practices, or he deliberately executed such a measure because he has something to hide. Either explanation does not bode well for Rood, and calls into question his professional skills.

    As for your observations about the 70 weeks of Yehoshua’s ministry, I cannot concede this argument to you. His ministry could not have been any longer. Three years does not work. He was the “lamb of the first year”, and this teaching holds all the elements to dismiss more than 70 weeks for the time frame.

    A man had no authority until he turned 30 yrs of age. A man could not marry until he reached this age of authority. In his 30th yr, our Messiah arrived at the age where his words had authority when he spoke and at the age he could marry to become the groom in a marriage. Yet to be the “Passover lamb of the first year”, he had to be sacrificed before he reached his 31st yr, placing a limit on the time frame of his ministry. There are other reasons to site for the 70 week ministry. The number “70” alone speaks volumes. I apologize it is too much to get into at the moment. The point being, 70 weeks had to be his ministry time frame.

    Regarding your research on the years error, I am intrigued. I will be performing my own research on this. I do agree with you that Rood appears to approach this subject lacking information or certainly presenting this information lacking transparency. I have questioned some of his conclusions on this, and with good reason. Your research is very good. I will pursue it also.

    In short, your questions for Rood are certainly worthy of his attention, and worthy of being answered. Any professional would certainly see this and comply in a professional manner.

    Regarding questioning Rood’s data and conclusions, I am not the only person with questions about his material. I think Rood has expanded our understanding of Yehovah’s truth, but I also think he has included some problem issues in his work. It would appear the other business associates who have questioned Rood’s work in the past, only to be dismissed and ostracized, probably asked similar questions.

    In Rood’s history, he has lost two organizations due to employees challenging him on some matters he has chosen NOT to share with the public, to which Rood responded by leaving the organization with his copyrighted materials to start a new organization.

    These organizations were registered with the U.S. tax authorities as a category 501c3, which is a “Not For Profit” church organization. Such organizations require boards to govern the organization, meaning Rood did not have control of the organization.

    Rood’s 3rd organization, he chose NOT to register it as a 501c3, but rather as a typical business. My guess is he constructed his new organization in such a manner that he can dismiss anyone he wants for whatever reason. Preventing him from having to lose another organization.

    My point: He set it up like a business so he has complete control over it, to quash anyone who might challenge him, as they did with the two other organizations. This directs my attention to conclude others have challenged Rood on points they discovered, which invalidate his published conclusions, just as you have done, and maybe the very points you are presenting.

    If you would like to pursue a dialogue with me regarding your research, please email me. I am interested in learning more about your research.

  4. Butch

     /  September 25, 2017

    Your very own statement, “The law of first use is ALWAYS, ALWAYS the very best way to define any word found in the Scripture. Every single word found in Scripture – whether in the “New” or “Old” Testament is first used in the book of the beginnings – Genesis. If not the actual word – then the letter, parent root word.” ________ Yet, regarding the word “CHODESH” #H2320, you have disregarded your own rules. How reliable does this make you as a teacher?

    • I honestly do not know what point you are trying to make. Could you please be as clear as possible in your question or dispute. Thank you!

  5. GARY

     /  February 24, 2019

    I am new to this topic and so don’t understand most of what you are saying. Here is what I got. Rood’s calendar is wrong. My question, then, is what calendar is right and where do I find this “right” calendar??

  6. Shalom,
    YHWH revealed to me the formula of His Luni Solar Calendar. So please visit

  1. THE MYSTERY OF THE TWO PASSOVERS | Y'shua Ha MaShiach is the Spirit of Prophecy
  2. The New Year of Yahweh | Y'shua Ha MaShiach is the Spirit of Prophecy
  3. THE HIDDEN MYSTERY OF PENTECOST (SHAVUOT) | Y'shua Ha MaShiach is the Spirit of Prophecy
  4. THE PASSOVER FEAST, THE WHORE & THE BEAST | Y'shua Ha MaShiach is the Spirit of Prophecy
  5. Y'shua Ha MaShiach is the Spirit of Prophecy
  6. THE PASSOVER FEAST, THE WHORE AND THE BEAST | Y'shua Ha MaShiach is the Spirit of Prophecy

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