The Image of the Beast

They say a picture is worth a thousand words.  Please closely examine the two images I have posted below…

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Do you see a mirror image?  Now, closely examine the images below.

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Could this be the very image of the beast foretold by John while in exile at the Isle of Patmos? Read the full post »


Each answer provided must be by the authority of the Scriptures alone. I.e. Genesis – Revelation  The first person to provide the correct answer from the Scriptures (to each individual challenge) will be publicly recognized on this blog site and rewarded $1,000.00 U.S. within twenty-four hours.  Read the full post »

Is Circumcision For Born-again Believers Today?

A friend wrote to me and asked me to please respond to this letter, (which he received from his friend), concerning circumcision.

My response is in bold type. 

Dear Friends, Here’s my take on the whole circumcision thing – for what it’s worth.

Firstly, the command is to circumcise our boys on the eighth day – not to be circumcised. The NT clearly shows that our circumcision is a spiritual one. Therefore, the circumcision that some of us did not have when we were 8 days old is of no consequence, just as those who were circumcised at 8 days have nothing to stand on either, because their physical circumcision did not happen under Torah.

If the above statement was true, how come Abraham had to circumcise himself and all of the males of his household and not just his new-born son Yitshaq (Isaac) – (Bereshith (Gen.) 17)?  How come Yahoshua (Joshua) had to circumcise all the men of Yisrael after they crossed over the Yarden river – (Yahoshua 5:2-9)?  Finally, why did Shaul circumcise young Timothy in Acts 16?  Read the full post »

What Is The Sin Unto Death?

According to the full counsel of Scripture, what is the sin that leads to death for the bride of covenant?

Why does Yahonan (John) tell us not to pray for a brother / sister who has committed the sin that leads to death?

“If any man sees his brother sin a sin which is not unto death, he shall ask, and He shall give him life for them that sin not unto death. There is a sin unto death: I do not say that he shall pray for it. All unrighteousness is sin: and there is a sin not unto death.” ~ Yahonan (John) 5:16-17

The primary reason theologians, pastors, denominations, etc, wrestle with seemingly hard questions is because most have done away with the Torah. i.e. The so called, “First Five Books of Moses.” Read the full post »



However, the overwhelming people do not Tithe to Yahweh – to whom it rightfully belongs – rather they tithe to Hollywood, amusement, dining out and / or anything else their flesh desires!
Read the full post »


Did you know that Yahweh – the Elohim of Yisrael – officially sanctioned a second Passover in His Torah?

As the world famous Mr. Ripley would say, “Believe it or not” – Yahweh authorized a second Passover – to be celebrated each and every year – for all those who had not prepared themselves to celebrate the first Passover – due to the worst of circumstances. Read the full post »


So there is absolutely no misunderstanding of this communication or its motivation,

I Robert Arthur McDuffie, do solemnly swear, as Yahweh Elohim lives, that all of my communication, contained in this posting, is in truth, complete, and motivated solely by my love for Messiah Yahoshua of Nazareth, our Heavenly Abba and for those whose names I have named herein. If I am not swearing truthfully then may Yahweh Elohim of Hosts strike me dead immediately that all may learn to fear who would falsely swear by His Most Set-apart name.

If ANYONE would contradict the truthfulness of this testimony let them swear in kind – according to the full counsel of the Scriptures – or let their testimony be deemed false by all the saints who have been bought by the blood of the Lamb who takes away the sins of the world – and let them be cast out with all the lying dogs who will not enter in through the twelve gates of Heaven!


Auditing Replacement Theology


Questions To Provoke Much-Needed Critical Thought

When most people think of replacement theology – they think of the false doctrinal belief that the “New-Testament” “church” has replaced Israel of the “Old-Testament”. However, is that the correct and full understanding of replacement theology? If something, anything in the “Old-Testament” is replaced with something, anything in the “New-Testament” could that by definition be replacement theology?

If we believe that the eternally betrothed bride of Heaven of the “Old-Testament” (i.e. The Ten Tribes of the Northern Kingdom – Israel – Hosea 2:19-23) has been replaced by the “New-Testament” “church” (Ephesians 5:22-33) – could that be considered a kind of replacement theology? And a theology which contradicts the Scriptures no less – as does all replacement theology!

Note: Most people do not know that the “New-Testament” Greek word translated as “church” is the exact same / equivalent of the “Old-Testament” Hebrew word translated as “congregation / assembly / company / multitude”.

If we believe that the weekly day of rest (i.e. the seventh-day Sabbath, which Yahweh established at creation and then gave as a memorial that He alone is both our Creator and Deliverer – Exodus 20:9-11 & Deuteronomy 5:12-15), is only to be set-apart for / by the Jewish people and Sunday is to be honored / revered by “the church” as a day of rest – are we not replacing one day with another? Could this be considered a type of replacement theology?

If we believe that the post-flood, healthy, dietary provisions have been done away with (Genesis 6:19-7:3 & 9:3; Leviticus 11) and we are now free to eat that which science has consistently proven to be seriously incompatible (as food) with the human body – could this also be a form of replacement theology?

If we believe the set-apart feasts of Yahweh (Leviticus 23) are no longer to be honored and instead we celebrate and honour the feasts of pagan origins such as Christmas, Easter, Valentines, Birthdays, etc., could this be considered a form of replacement theology too?

If we are commanded to “Fear Yahweh… and swear by His Name” (Duet 6:13 & 10:20), “Praise the Name of Yahweh” (Psalm 113:1 & 135:1), “Bless the Name of Yahweh” (Psalm 103:1 & 104:1), etc., etc., then why do we consistently replace His Name with the LORD? Is this a kind of replacement theology?

While I am on the topic of names… Can you think of one single instance where an internationally known celebrity of the ancient world or even the modern world is translated into a completely different Name altogether? Neither can I. Then please tell me, why is it that it is OK to replace the Name of our Creator, Savior and Master with Jesus – when everyone who ever knew Him – knew Him as Yahoshua (Joshua)? Is this replacement theology?

I could go on and on… however, I think you pretty much get my point.


Ever since the first day of Creation right up to the present our Father in His infinite wisdom has been teaching us His spiritual law from the natural law. In other words, what we observe in the natural universe is often just as applicable in the spiritual realm.

Christians often speak of “adoption”, “citizenry”, being “grafted in” and how they are “the bride of Messiah”.

Question: Can you think of even one loving, fully-functional family who has two sets of rules by which to govern their household? I.e. One set of rules which apply exclusively to their natural-born children and another set of rules for their children of adoption?

Then why o’ why would we believe that our benevolent Heavenly Father has established two sets of rules for His family? I.e. One set of rules for Israel of the “Old Testament” and a completely different set of rules for the “church” of the “New Testament”. What is true in the natural is equally true in the spiritual.

Believe it or not, the Scriptures actually speak repeatedly and directly to this very doctrine.

There shall be one law for the native and for the stranger who sojourns among you.” – Exodus 12:49

You shall have the same rule for the sojourner and for the native, for I am Yahweh Your Elohim.” – Leviticus 24:22

“For the assembly, there shall be one statute for you and for the stranger who sojourns with you, a statute forever throughout your generations. You and the sojourner shall be alike before Yahweh. One law and one rule shall be for you and for the stranger who sojourns with you.” – Numbers 15:15-16

Yahweh Elohim made it perfectly clear that there would only be one set of rules for all the children of Israel – whether natural born or adopted.

Why then does Christianity assert that Yahweh would change His mind in the “New Testament” and create a completely different set of rules for all His newly adopted children? Does this seem fair to you? Does this seem like a good, just and merciful Father to you?

Question: Can you think of even one fully-functional, developed and prospering nation in the entire world over that has two sets of rules? I.e. One set of rules for the natural-born citizens and one for those who have immigrated?

Then why o’ why do we believe that Yahweh has two sets of rules for the citizens of His kingdom? Yahweh forbid!

“But He, knowing their thoughts, said to them, ‘Every kingdom divided against itself is laid waste, and a divided household falls.’” – Luke 11:17

Can you imagine if everyone who ever immigrated to the United States of America resolutely refused to follow the established laws of the land?

Note: Unfortunately, we are presently witnessing the chaotic result(s) of immigrants rejecting the laws of the land as Islamic Shariah law has displaced the local / regional / national laws of governing bodies all throughout Europe.

The Scriptures speak very clearly to the issue of the common citizenry which we now share and are partakers of with the nation of Israel. Wouldn’t it make perfect, logical sense that the rule of common law would be for everyone who belongs to the Kingdom?

“Therefore remember that at one time you Gentiles in the flesh, called “the uncircumcision” by what is called the circumcision, which is made in the flesh by hands remember that you were at that time separated from Messiah, alienated from the commonwealth of Israel and strangers to the covenants of promise, having no hope and without Elohim in the world. But now in Messiah Yahoshua you who once were far off have been brought near by the blood of Messiah. For He himself is our peace, who has made us both one and has broken down in His flesh the dividing wall of hostility by abolishing the law of commandments expressed in ordinances, that He might create in Himself one new man in place of the two, so making peace, and might reconcile us both to Elohim in one body through the cross, thereby killing the hostility. And He came and preached peace to you who were far off and peace to those who were near. For through Him we both have access in one Spirit to the Father. So then you are no longer strangers and aliens, but you are fellow citizens with the saints and members of the household of Elohim.” – Ephesians 2:11-19

Question: The olive tree is the very specifically identified tree that we have been grafted into according to the Scriptures (Romans 11:13-26). Who is the only nation identified as an olive tree throughout the full counsel of the Scriptures?

Answer: Israel!

Only the nation of Israel is identified as the olive tree anywhere in Scripture!

Yahweh once called you a green olive tree, beautiful with good fruit.’ But with the roar of a great tempest He will set fire to it, and its branches will be consumed. Yahweh of hosts, who planted you, has decreed disaster against you, because of the evil that the house of Israel and the house of Judah have done, provoking Me to anger by making offerings to Baal.” – Jeremiah 11:16-17

O Israel, return unto Yahweh thy Elohim; for thou hast fallen by thine iniquity. Take with you words, and turn to Yahweh: say unto Him, Take away all iniquity, and receive us graciously: so will we render the calves of our lips. Asshur shall not save us; we will not ride upon horses: neither will we say any more to the work of our hands, Ye are our gods: for in Thee the fatherless findeth mercy. I will heal their backsliding, I will love them freely: for Mine anger is turned away from him. I will be as the dew unto Israel: he shall grow as the lily, and cast forth his roots as Lebanon. His branches shall spread, and his beauty shall be as the olive tree, and his smell as Lebanon. – Hosea 14:1-6

Has Israel Been Replaced By The Gentiles?

It was the ten tribes of the divided Northern Kingdom of Yisrael (1Kings 11 & 12) to whom Yahweh said the following…

“And I will sow her unto Me in the earth; and I will have mercy upon her that had not obtained mercy; and I will say to them which were not My people, Thou art My people; and they shall say, Thou art My Elohim.” – Hosea 2:23

The learned Pharisee quoted this exact passage in his letter to the Romans…

As indeed He says in Hosea, “Those who were not My people I will call ‘My people,’ and her who was not beloved I will call ‘beloved.” – Romans 9:25

The apostle Peter also quoted the same passage of Scripture in his letter to the exiles in dispersion…

“Once you were not a people, but now you are Elohim’s people; once you had not received mercy, but now you have received mercy.” – 1Peter 2:10

It was the ten tribes of the divided Northern Kingdom of Yisrael (1Kings 11 & 12) to whom Yahweh said the following…

“Yet the number of the children of Israel shall be like the sand of the sea, which cannot be measured or numbered. And in the place where it was said to them, “You are not My people,” it shall be said to them, “Children of the living Elohim.” – Hoshea 1:10

The learned Pharisee quoted this exact same passage in his letter to the Romans…

“And in the very place where it was said to them, ‘You are not My people,’ there they will be called ‘sons of the living Elohim.’” – Romans 9:26

Yahweh said to the children of Israel…

“You shall be to Me a kingdom of priests and a set-apart nation. These are the words that you shall speak to the people of Israel.” – Exodus 19:22

Peter similarly said to the exiles of the dispersion (1Peter 1:1) …

“But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, a set-apart nation, a peculiar people; that ye should shew forth the praises of Him who hath called you out of darkness into His marvellous light:” – 1Peter 2:9

Through the prophet Moses, Yahweh said to the children of Israel…

“For thou art a set-apart people unto Yahweh thy Elohim, and Yahweh hath chosen thee to be a peculiar people unto Himself, above all the nations that are upon the earth.” – Dueteronomy 14:2

“And Yahweh hath avouched thee this day to be His peculiar people, as He hath promised thee, and that thou shouldest keep all His commandments.” – Dueteronomy 26:18

The Learned Pharisee similarly said to his fellow labourer Titus…

“Who gave Himself for us, that He might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto Himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works.” – Titus 2:14

Peter similarly said to the exiles in dispersion (1Peter 1:1)…

“But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, a set-apart nation, a peculiar people; that ye should shew forth the praises of Him who hath called you out of darkness into His marvellous light:” – 1Peter 2:9

Yahweh said to the children of Israel…

“You shall be to Me a kingdom of priests and a set-apart nation. These are the words that you shall speak to the people of Israel.” – Exodus 19:6

Peter similarly said to the exiles in dispersion (1Peter 1:1) …

“But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, a set-apart nation, a peculiar people; that ye should shew forth the praises of Him who hath called you out of darkness into His marvellous light:” – 1Peter 2:9

What about you? Have you embraced some form of replacement theology? Do you honestly believe that the two most revered Jewish Pharisees (i.e. Yahoshua / Jesus and Shaul / Paul) in human history actually taught something / anything replaced that which was proclaimed as the very Word of Elohim all throughout the “Old Testament”?

No Jewish man or woman in the “New Testament” ever advocated for the Jewish people to stop being Jewish and join a new religion called Christianity. No self-respecting, pious Jew would ever forsake the Torah (i.e. the Truth) – Psalm 119:142!

From the perspective of the Jewish believers who lived in Judea during the first century (A.D. / C.E.), the Christian Jesus and apostle Paul would have been the anti-Messiah and his false prophet – respectively.

History records that more than two million followers of Yahoshua of Nazareth were Jews, as of 70 A.D. / C.E. These are those that the historian Josephus records as fleeing to the mountains of Pella in the fall of 66 A.D. / C.E – as they were obeying the specific instructions of their Master as recorded in Luke 21:20-21. These are those whom historical records proclaim as the Nazoreans. These are those whom followed Yahoshua of Nazareth and were careful to keep all of the law of Moses – as it applied to Israel living in dispersion.

If you are of the mind or heart to know the truth about how Christianity has perverted almost all of the writings of the “New Testament” to make it seem to fit the doctrines of Christendom and replacement theology, then I would like to commend to you the excellent resources available at

“Time Is The Ally Of The Deceit” is available in both book and video format.

“Too Long In The Sun” is another excellent book authored by Richard Rives. is a very popular internationally recognized independent news web-site and they fully endorse and promote Richard Rives and his provocative teachings on a daily basis.

I trust that this communication has blessed you to critically think about what you believe and that you will carefully consider if you have believed any of the abominable lies of replacement theology in any / all of their many and varied deceptive disguises, masks and / or veils.

Sincerely and in Truth,
Robert Arthur McDuffie – Gal.6:14

Ps – Here is the link to a pretty good video that also covers this subject in more exhaustive detail.

Read the full post »

The New Moon of Yahweh

As promised here is my latest blog offering, which seemingly conclusively shows that Yahweh’s Set-apart calendar first given at Mt. Sinai always has and always will be reckoned by the conjunction of the moon and not by the sighting of the first sliver I hope that you will test the truths in this study, wrestle with the Word, just as I and our Father Ya’aqob (Jacob) also did, and that you walk according to the convictions of the Ruach (Spirit) revealed to your heart for “without faith it is impossible to please Elohim”


As promised in my previous post… Here is the “cloud of witnesses” – which seemingly altogether prove the set-apart calendar of Yahweh has always been by the hidden moon of the conjunction and never by the first sighting of the sliver.

Exhibit A – The authority of the Word of Yahweh Elohim

Psalm 81:1-3 – “Sing aloud unto Elohim our strength: make a joyful noise unto the Elohim of Ya’aqob. Take a psalm, and bring hither the timbrel, the pleasant harp with the psaltery. Blow the shofar in the re-NEW-ed moon (H2320 – chodesh), in the time appointed (H3677 – Keseh), on our solemn feast (H2282 – Chag).”

What exactly does keseh mean? When you look up the word in Strong’s concordance you are left just as puzzled as before you looked it up. It becomes as clear as mud! However, there is much, much better dictionary available to every believer – which beats the Strong’s every time… The Scriptures!

The law of first use is ALWAYS, ALWAYS the very best way to define any word found in the Scripture. Every single word found in Scripture – whether in the “New” or “Old” Testament is first used in the book of the beginnings – Genesis. If not the actual word – then the letter, parent root word. By looking up the context of the first usage of any word found in the Scripture – you can always be confident of the intended meaning of the word from Genesis – Revelation.

Note: For an abundance of information on this extraordinary and fascinating “secret” on how to best study and understand the Scriptures – I highly recommend you check out Brad Scott’s ministry web-site.

The very first (and second) time the parent root word for the Hebrew word keseh is used is found in Genesis 7:19-20.

“And the waters prevailed so mightily on the earth that all the high mountains under the whole heaven were covered (H3680 – kasah). The waters prevailed above the mountains, covering (H3680 – kasah) them fifteen cubits deep.”

Now, if you and I were looking down from Heaven above and we saw the whole earth was kasah and then testified under oath to exactly what we witnessed – would we mean that nothing was visible to our eyes and that everything on the Earth was completely hidden from our sight – by the covering of water or would we mean that we could just barely see the peaks of the highest mountains?

The unbiased and honest answer would obviously be that we meant that the surface of the entire Earth was completely hidden by the waters and nothing was visible to our sight – even the highest mountains (at that time) were completely submerged – by at least 15 cubits of water. I.e. 270 – 360 inches of water.

It is also interesting to note that the ancient Hebrew word picture for kasah is a money bag with the draw string closed around the opening. Now if the draw strings are pulled shut or wrapped tight around the opening of the bag would you be able to see the money inside or would the money inside the bag be completely hidden from your sight?

Read the full post »


The truth is… I should have written this blog a long, long time ago. I do not want to make any excuses as to why I have not, but it is long past time to make things right and set the record straight.

I want to say first off that I do not have any personal grievance with Michael Rood. As a matter of fact, I like Michael – for the most part. Some of his videos are deservedly in world-wide distribution and are truly to the esteem of Yahweh and the edification of the saints – including my all-time favourite, “Raiders of the Lost Book” featuring Nehemia Gordan.*

Personally, I have only had one encounter with Michael and that was in a room full of people at the Witt auditorium, Johannesburg, South Africa, directly after his introductory lecture of “The Chronological Gospels” (according to Michael Rood). Michael and I enjoyed a brief, pleasant exchange afterward and he answered all my questions honestly and directly – and for that I am eternally grateful.**

I am writing and posting this research because it is the indisputable and factual truth concerning the set-apart calendar of Yahweh. I am not writing to express my belief or my opinions – but to share a wealth of information concerning the set-apart calendar of Yahweh that (as of this writing) has not been widely disseminated and made publicly known.

* Nehemia Gordan is a practicing Karaite Yahudite who does not acknowledge Yahoshua of Nazareth as the Messiah of Yisrael. It is my opinion that he is a wolf in a sheep’s clothing and is not to be trusted.

** I will share the questions I asked Michael and the answers he gave sometime during this blog post.


Many of you already know the backstory as to how I began to study the perilous topic of the set-apart calendar of Yahweh – and how the set-apart Spirit of Yahweh relentlessly hounded me day and night until I embarked upon the very first step of the journey – which I have been on until this present day… A journey to know Yahweh and to worship Him in spirit and in Truth. (John 4:21-24)

As a direct, unintended result of studying the set-apart calendar of Yahweh I ended up publishing my first Scripture study – a white paper I titled, “The Passover Feast, the Whore and the Beast”.

It was during this season of my life I first became overwhelmingly convinced that each new month began with the conjunction of the moon (when the moon is hidden completely from observation) and not by the sighting of the first sliver of light at twilight. At the time I came to this conclusion (2003), I had never heard of Michael Rood, the Hebrew Roots nor of Messianic Judaism. I had also never honoured the set-apart feast days of Yahweh (as described in Leviticus 23) or even considered the fact that Yahweh had a set-apart lunar calendar which was much different in its operation and function than the pagan sun calendar I had grown up with – properly known as the Pope Gregory Calendar.

My sole motivation in studying the subject of the set-apart calendar was an all-consuming desire to know the whole truth to the question asked of me by David Daniels of CHICK PUBLICATIONS, “Did Jesus (Yahoshua) die on Friday and rise on Sunday or was He in the grave for three full days and nights?” At the time David asked me this question, I had no idea whatsoever what the correct answer was (neither did he) and moreover I did not even care what it was – as I incorrectly presumed that it did not make the least bit of difference to my faith and personal relationship with the Father and the Son.

Little did I know, just how ignorant I was, not only about the set-apart calendar of Yahweh – but about… well just about everything! I was going to soon discover the very essence of the meaning of the words of the prophet Isaiah when Yahweh proclaimed, “For My thoughts are not your thoughts, neither are your ways My ways, declares Yahweh. For as the heavens are higher than the earth, so are My ways higher than your ways and My thoughts than your thoughts.” (Isaiah 55:8-9)

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