The Scriptures ~ An Amazing Testimony – Part 2


In October 2010, Yahweh showed up in great and miraculous ways – which we did not know – and showed us in living 4-D detail just how intimately He involves Himself in our lives and how He directs our steps in detailed, minute ways that are beyond the comprehension and imagination of the natural man!

I detailed that supernatural testimony in my book “Crossing Over” and also in the blog post linked here.

The Scriptures ~ An Amazing Testimony

Read the full post »




Without any fear of contradiction – the letter to the Galatians is one of the most controversial, confusing and misunderstood in all the “New” Testament – if not the entire cannon of Scripture.  However, most Christians would readily contradict that statement because in their estimation – Galatians is 100% straightforward – completely justifies their faith and doctrinal position and is not the least bit controversial at all!

On the other hand, there are many within the Hebrew Roots community and those of the Messianic faith who do not know what to make of the author’s writings and either avoid them like the plague, or discount the pharisee from Tarsus (Acts 23:6) as a false prophet or even worse – the very anti-Messiah he warned us about in living and vivid detail in 2Thessalonians 2!

As lovingly as I can say it – in both instances, the audience is almost completely without any understanding.  The letter to the Galatians – correctly understood – refutes and rebukes the Christian position over the last 1700 years and it also rebukes and refutes the varying positions taken by Messianic Judaism and most of those embracing the Hebrew Roots of their faith in the 21st century! Read the full post »

ZAMBIA MUST RISE UP & PROSPER! An Open Letter To His Excellency President Edgar Lungu – And The Beloved People of the Christian Nation Zambia

Shalom, shalom in the most wonderful name of Yahoshua haMashiach (Jesus the Messiah), to His Excellency – President Edgar Lungu and the beloved people of Zambia,

To those who possess wisdom and understanding concerning the times and seasons of the Lion of Judah – NOW IS THE APPOINTED TIME DECLARES YAHWEH THAT ZAMBIA MUST RISE UP AND PROSPER!

“Arise, shine; for thy light is come, and the honor of Yahweh is risen upon thee. For, behold, the darkness shall cover the earth, and gross darkness the people: but Yahweh shall arise upon thee, and his honor shall be seen upon thee. And the Gentiles shall come to thy light, and kings to the brightness of thy rising.” – Isaiah 60:1-3 Read the full post »


On Sept. 5th / 6th 2013 the U.S. economy fell – never to recover!

This is exactly what Yahweh foretold would happen!

September 5th Prophecy

However, when I did not SEE anything newsworthy in the headlines of the world’s major newspapers, I publicly repented of prophesying falsely in His name – because I did not understand the prophecy or its fulfillment.

My Public Repentance

On Oct. 1, 2016 the USA was conquered and no one is the wiser!

These two dated events (September 5th & 6th 2013 and October 1st 2016) are directly related to one another and each of these events is testifying to the other!

The G20 meeting in St. Petersburg, Russia was held during the feast of Trumpets 2013 on September 5th & 6th!  It was at this meeting that it was decided that the Chinese Yuan would be the new reserve currency of the world – replacing the role of the U.S. Dollar, which ruled over the nations of the world, for exactly 70 years to the very month, week and day!

During the exact time of this meeting, the Chinese Yuan currency traded ten times more than normal and for the first time in history was among the top ten currencies traded in the world.

On October 1st, 2016, Obama surrendered control of our 2nd most valuable asset (after the dollar) – the internet. While the world was told that the Yuan would be a part of the international basket of currencies – they were not told that HSBC Bank would be selling partially, gold backed, Chinese Yuan bonds – which would be to the world’s reserve currency what the Petrol Dollar was before it.

Just as Cyrus defeated BABYLON after 70 years of ruling over the nations – without a battle or a fight and the people of the kingdom were largely ignorant to the change of command for a year or more – so the USA and the nations have been deceived and do not know that China has replaced the USA as the world’s premier super power!

I wrote all about this prophecy and it’s miraculous fulfillment on my blog.


To Yahweh alone be all the esteem, honor and praise!

His servant and yours, Robert Arthur McDuffie ~ Gal. 6:14



If I was to give a second title to this message it just might be –


Because this study deals with the authority of Yahweh’s revealed word – it very well might be the most insightful and important message I have published to date.

NOTICE: The Devil, Satan, the fallen hosts of messengers and the demonic realm are all used interchangeably throughout this study for the sake of convenience and ease of understanding.  Please forgive me in advance for taking “license” with this truth.

In Matthew 4:1-11 and Luke 4:1-13 there are two very detailed accounts of how our Messiah and Master was tried three different times by our adversary the Devil.  The Good News according to Mark also mentions this time of testing in passing. I.e. Mark 1:12-13  A great multitude of sermons and lessons have been taught about this experience over the last 1900+ years.  However, I think it is high-time for us to ask ourselves – “do we really understand the true nature of these tests and what are the implication(s) for us today?”  The answer(s) just might surprise you.

If you are like me, then you have probably read the following verse from Hebrews more than once…

“For we do not have a High Priest who is unable to sympathize with our weaknesses, but one who in every respect has been tempted as we are, yet without sin.” ~ Hebrews 4:15

However, I was always left perplexed as to what it really meant to the average believer.  Was our Savior and Master ever tempted to get drunk, commit adultery, back-talk to His earthly mother and father (thus dishonoring them), profane the weekly set-apart Sabbath or to transgress any other commandment His Father gave us in His Torah (I.e. His Instructions)?  Does this Scripture mean that Yahoshua was tempted in the exact same way as I am tempted today or does it mean something completely different altogether?  For the longest time – I honestly did not know the correct answer to this question and I was just left scratching my head and wondering – ‘what does it really mean that Yahoshua was “tempted as we are, yet without sin?”’

It was in late 2010 that I first began to receive Heaven sent revelation – answering these questions – from the account of Yahoshua’s three tests in the wilderness.

When the Good News accounts of Matthew, Mark and Luke were first written – there were no chapters and verses recorded.  The chapters and verses in usage today were added to the text more than a thousand years after they were first written.  The key to understanding the true nature of the three tests of Yahoshua – is by reading the last two verses recorded in Matthew chapter 3.

“And Yahoshua, when He was immersed, went up straightway out of the water: and, lo, the heavens were opened unto Him, and He saw the Spirit of Yahweh descending like a dove, and lighting upon Him:  And lo a voice from Heaven, saying, ‘This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.’” ~ Matthew 3:16-17

Now that the foundation has been properly laid – let’s begin our study and discover “the mystery of the three tests”, which Yahoshua our Master and Savior had to face in the wilderness of Yahudah.


The very next first of Matthew reads…

“Then was Yahoshua led up of the set-apart Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted of the Devil.” ~ Matthew 4:1

Perhaps you are one of those who have been deceived by the false gospel of life enhancement / enrichment and have fully believed in the counterfeit Jesus – preached by the modern day false prophets who beguilingly teach us to “only believe” and “sow your best seed – so that you may receive the one-hundred-fold return on your ‘investment.’”

Hear the Word of Yahweh concerning ALL such men and women who proclaim such nonsense!

“But I fear, lest by any means, as the serpent beguiled Eve through his subtilty, so your minds should be corrupted from the simplicity that is in the Messiah.  For if he that comes preaches another Yahoshua, whom we have not preached, or if ye receive another spirit, which ye have not received, or another good news, which ye have not accepted, ye might well bear with him…   For such are false apostles, deceitful workers, transforming themselves into the apostles of the Messiah.  And no marvel; for Satan himself is transformed into an angel of light.  Therefore it is no great thing if his ministers also be transformed as the ministers of righteousness; whose end shall be according to their works.” ~ 2Corinthians 11:3-4 & 13-15

Let me assure you my friend that your temporal “health, wealth and prosperity” is not why Yahoshua had to come to Earth and die.  And that phoney-baloney sandwich your eating is not promised anywhere from Genesis to Revelation and it simply will not satisfy your soul – no matter how positive your thoughts and no matter how much you “name it, claim it and frame it!”

Even though it might not agree with your present theology, doctrine or dogma – the Scripture clearly states that it was the Spirit of Yahweh which led Yahoshua of Nazareth into the wilderness experience.  Fifteen hundred years earlier – when Yahweh delivered His children (Yisrael) out of their slavery in Egypt – He then immediately led them into the Sinai wilderness.  Just as Yahoshua was tried in the wilderness – so they were tried too – and so you and I will be led into the wilderness and we will surely be tested.

Unfortunately, the Yisraelites failed their test(s) miserably – whereas, Yahoshua would pass perfectly!  How will you and I fare when the Spirit leads us into the wilderness and we are confronted with the tests set before us?  Whereas, the example of Yahoshua in the wilderness is our perfect example as how to pass the test – the example of the children of Yisrael is our perfect example as how to fail the test! I.e. 1Corinthians 10:1-13

Whose example will we choose to follow?


“And when He had fasted forty days and forty nights, He was afterward hungry.  And when the tempter came to Him, he said, If thou be the Son of Elohim, command that these stones be made bread.” ~ Matthew 4:2-3

It is awfully tempting to presume that this first test must be about eating food and exercising self-control over the appetite of your stomach.  After all, Yahoshua hadn’t eaten anything at all for forty days and nights.  However, all such presumption must be proven wrong by the Scriptures.  First of all anyone who has fasted for such a length of time (and there are many throughout history – including myself) will be the first to tell you that all hunger pangs and desire to consume any food leave you by the end of the third day and for the most part you do not even miss sitting down for each meal time.

However, much more importantly – the Scriptures clearly indicate that the fast was concluded by the time Yahoshua was tempted by the Devil.  Yahoshua was free to eat and satisfy His hunger if He wanted to – as the time of fasting was definitely over.  So, what was the true nature of this first test in the wilderness?

Believe it or not… The Devil was testing the Son of Man to see if He would stand firm on the revealed word of His Father or not!

The last thing Yahoshua heard His Father say – before He was led into the wilderness was…

“This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.”
Now Satan was allowed – by permission from Heaven’s throne (Job 1:6-8) – to test Him to see if He will stand firmly on the Word of Yahweh alone – concerning the revelation He had received at the time of His immersion in the Yarden river.

“If thou be the Son of Elohim…” In other words, “If you really are the Son of El – PROVE IT!”

As a child of Elohim – you do not have to prove your faith to anyone.  You simply must obey – by faith – the Word that Elohim has spoken to you by His written Word and by the revelation He has given you personally – which will NEVER contradict the Scripture revealed from Genesis – Revelation.

When Yahoshua’s faith was questioned – He responded by quoting from the Torah (i.e. the Instructions) of Yahweh – as “it is written” in Deuteronomy 8:3.

“But He answered and said, It is written, ‘Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of Yahweh.’” ~ Matthew 4:4

There is a great deal that we can learn from how Yahoshua responded to this first test.

First, He passed the test by quoting from the Torah of Moses.  This is exactly how David said that he would successfully pass each test and how we are also instructed to pass each test put before us.

“Thy word have I hid in mine heart, that I might not sin against thee.” ~ Psalm 119:11

Secondly, (and most importantly) Yahoshua told the Devil that all of Yahweh’s people should live by every word of His Torah as recorded from Genesis to Deuteronomy.  Most people miss this very important point, because they do not know (Hosea 4:6) that only the words recorded in the Torah (I.e. the first five books of the Jewish and Christian Bibles) proceeded directly from the mouth of Yahweh.
All the rest of the Scriptures, as found in the “Old Testament” / TaNaKh were given by the inspiration of the Spirit – as well as all the “New Testament” Scriptures – which is exactly what the apostle said in his second letter to his beloved son in the faith – Timothy.

“All Scripture given by inspiration of Yahweh, indeed is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness:  That the man of Elohim may be complete, throughly furnished unto all good works.” ~ 2Timothy 3:16-17

Only the first five books of the Jewish and Christian Bibles were transcribed from Yahweh’s mouth by Moses’ pen!  All the rest of the Scriptures were literally breathed by Elohim.  Hear the Word of Yahweh!

“And Yahweh spake unto Moses face to face, as a man speaketh unto his friend.” ~ Ex. 33:11

“And there arose not a prophet since in Yisrael like unto Moses, whom Yahweh knew face to face.” ~ Deuteronomy 34:10

According to the very words of Yahoshua – if we are not actively reading and studying the Torah and then meditating on what we have been reading and studying – we are spiritually malnourished!

“Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of Yahweh.”

This point is so important that I am going to say it one more time.



“Then the Devil taketh Him up into the set-apart city, and setteth Him on a pinnacle of the temple, And saith unto Him, If thou be the Son of Elohim, cast Thyself down: for it is written, He shall give His angels charge concerning thee: and in their hands they shall bear thee up, lest at any time thou dash thy foot against a stone.” ~ Matthew 4:5-6


Before we examine the mystery of this second test – I would like to point out the obvious (although often overlooked) fact that the Devil was granted the authority to completely alter the circumstances of Yahoshua’s life.  Even as Satan was allowed to completely alter the physical circumstances of Iyob’s life (Job Ch. 1 & 2) – he was also granted permission to completely alter the physical reality of Yahoshua’s life.  He physically removed Yahoshua body from the wilderness and carried Him to the highest point of the temple in Jerusalem.

If the Devil could get permission from the Father to alter the circumstances of both Job and Yahoshua – then what makes you and I think that he cannot do the same thing to you and me?  Yes, the Devil, the host of fallen messengers and the demons of hell can and will interfere with your life’s circumstances as well – by obtaining the same authority to do so – according to the Father’s permissive will.


The second point I want to make concerning this test is that the Devil quoted the Word of Yahweh flawlessly – as given by the inspiration of the Spirit through David’s pen.

“For He shall give His angels charge over thee, to keep thee in all thy ways.  They shall bear thee up in their hands, lest thou dash thy foot against a stone.” ~ Psalm 91:11-12

Our adversary, the Devil, knows the Word of Yahweh better than you or me or anyone alive on planet Earth today and you better believe that he will quote the Scripture to you too – if it suits his purpose to kill you, steal from you and destroy you.


The third point I want to make concerning this test – is that the Devil took Yahoshua to the house of worship in Jerusalem!  Yes, the Devil loves to goes to the local assemblies of worship all over the world and unfortunately, in many cases, he is most welcome!

Before we examine the nature of this second test – please allow me to fully frame the context of this test by using the three points I have made concerning this test.

The Devil physically took the Word of Yahweh (made flesh) to the house of the Word of Yahweh and then quoted the Word of Yahweh (perfectly) in order to destroy the Word of Yahweh!

Read the above statement three times and let it really sink in before you continue any further with this study.

The Devil does the exact same thing today that he did to Yahoshua almost 2,000 years ago!  He has been mostly successful at doing this to Yahweh’s people for the last 1900+ years of history.  He uses the Word of Yahweh to destroy the Word of Yahweh – in the house of the Word of Yahweh – all over the world – day and night – and thus destroys the people of the Word of Yahweh! I.e. Hosea 4:6!

In modern times, he has used Shaul (Paul) the apostle’s letters as transmitted in the “New Testament” – more than any other Scriptures – to kill, steal and destroy!  The apostle Shimon Kepha (Simon Peter) wrote to us in his second letter – severely warning us that this would happen and was already happening in the first century.

“And account that the longsuffering of our Master is salvation; (1) even as our beloved brother Paul also (2) according to the wisdom given unto him hath written unto you; As also in all his epistles, speaking in them of these things; (3) in which are some things hard to be understood, (4) which they that are unlearned and unstable wrest, (5) as they do also the other scriptures, (6) unto their own destruction.  (7) Ye therefore, beloved, seeing ye know these things before, beware lest ye also, being led away with the error of the wicked, fall from your own steadfastness.” ~ 2Kepha (Peter) 3:15-17

Note the seven, immutable truths Shimon Kepha (Simon Peter) spoke concerning the apostle’s letters to the nations.

  1. Shimon Kepha (Simon Peter) and all the rest of the apostles considered the Pharisee (Acts 23:6) Shaul (Paul) a beloved brother in Yahoshua.
  2. He believed Rabbi Shaul to possess the supernatural gift of wisdom (1Corinthians 12:8).
  3. Even Shimon Kepha witnessed that the writings of Shaul were difficult to understand.
  4. Those who were not formally educated in the “Old Testament” / TaNaKh were perverting Shaul’s (Paul’s) writings / teachings.
  5. Those who pervert the teachings of Shaul (Paul) will also pervert the correct understanding of the rest of the Scriptures. I.e. The “Old Testament” / TaNaKh. It is greatly inferred by this statement that some of “Paul’s” writings were considered to be inspired Scripture by the first century, born-again believers.
  6. Those who walk in lawlessness (i.e. without the Torah) have no protection against the attacks of the enemy and will not receive an eternal reward. I.e. 1Corinthians 9:27 & Matthew 7:21-23
  7. If you pervert the teachings of Shaul (Paul) and / or any of the rest of the Scriptures – then you too will lose your reward and will not know the protection of Yahweh – which is only promised to those who walk in the light of the covenant, which He has revealed to us in His Torah.

Most born-again, spirit-filled believers have either overlooked or willingly ignore the warning found in 2Peter 3:15-17.  They consider the apostle “Paul” to be the final authority over the assemblies of Yahweh and give more weight to his writings / letters than the entire “Old Testament” / TaNaKh.  They even give more weight to the authority of his words than the teachings of Yahoshua haMashiach (Jesus the Messiah) – as recorded in the five Good News accounts recorded by Matthew, Mark, Luke and John.

Even though the pharisee’s writings only account for 5% of the entire cannon of Scripture – his words are elevated and exalted as the supreme and final authority over all the other Scriptures in the minds of most born-again believers today – as well as those who have believed over the last 1600+ years.  However, is their faith in the actual inspired words of Shaul (Paul) or have they erroneously put their faith in what men have perversely taught about his writings – by twisting his words and their meaning?

Day after day, week after week – the writings of the apostle to the “gentiles” are twisted, distorted and perverted by 21st century apostle’s, bishops, pastors, teachers and evangelists – even as they twist all the other Scriptures.  Whether intentionally or unintentionally – they are leading the saints astray – into lawlessness and self-destruction – because they do not truly know and understand “the law”, “the prophets” and “the writings”.
Just as Satan used the Word of Life to try to destroy the Word of Life (made flesh) in the house of the Word – so he is continually using the Word of Life (as spoken by the apostle “Paul”) to destroy the Word of Life (by seditiously undermining the authority of the “Old Testament” / TaNaKh and the words of Yahoshua) in the house of the Word (i.e. the local assemblies of faith) in the 21st century!


Galatians is without a doubt the most twisted and misunderstood letter out of all of Shaul’s letters.  What the apostle actually wrote and what is taught and preached from his letter could not be more different – even as day is different from night!  With little or no knowledge of the historical context of Shaul’s letter – those who would twist his words will authoritatively use the letter to the Galatians to “prove” that “the law” has been done away with and we are all now under grace.

I have a verse by verse teaching, which covers the entire letter to the Galatians, which is posted in the audio section of my blog.  However, let me give you one glaring example of how Shaul’s teaching is perverted – from Galatians chapter 4.

“Now I say, That the heir, as long as he is a child, differeth nothing from a servant, though he be master of all; But is under tutors and governors until the time appointed of the father.  Even so we, when we were children, were in bondage under the elements of the world.” ~ Galatians 4:1-3

Notice, that the apostle said that we “were in bondage under the elements of the world.”  He cannot possibly be talking about any of the “Old Testament” Scriptures – as they are not “the elements of the world” – they are pure doctrine from Heaven’s throne.  The Torah (i.e. the instruction / “the law”) was not considered to be bondage to those who loved and lived by them.

Listen to the words of David, as recorded in Psalm 19, which he wrote by the inspiration of the Set-apart Spirit.  The average Christian has never stopped to consider that the only Scripture that existed during the life-span of king David was the first five books of the “Old Testament” / TaNaKh.  In other words, every word David wrote was about the Torah. I.e. “The law” of Moses.

(1) “The law (i.e. the Torah) of Yahweh is perfect, converting the soul: (2) the testimony (i.e. the Torah) of Yahweh is sure, making wise the simple.  (3) The statutes (i.e. the Torah) of Yahweh are right, rejoicing the heart: (4) the commandment (i.e. the Torah) of Yahweh is pure, enlightening the eyes.  The fear of Yahweh is clean, enduring forever: (5) the judgments (i.e. the Torah) of Yahweh are true and righteous altogether.  (6) More to be desired are they (i.e. the Torah) than gold, yea, than much fine gold: sweeter also than honey and the honeycomb (i.e. the Torah).  (7) Moreover by them (i.e. the Torah) is thy servant warned: (8) and in keeping of them (i.e. the Torah) there is great reward.” ~ Psalm 19:7-11

Now compare what David taught by the inspiration of the Spirit to what the average Christian preacher or teacher has to say about the Torah.

1) David said “the law” / Torah is perfect and converts the soul!

The average Christian says “the law” / the Torah is a curse and was thus nailed to the cross.
2) David said “the law” / Torah is sure and makes the simple person wise.

The average Christian says that “the law” / Torah is done away with and only the foolish simpleton desires to obey them.

3) David said “the law” / Torah is right and causes the heart to rejoice!

The average Christian says that “the law” / Torah is wrong for today and causes nothing but pain.

4) David said “the law” / Torah is pure and enlightens the eyes!

The average Christian says that “the law” / Torah corrupts the faith of those who are born again by favor and darkens their vision.

5) David said “the law” / Torah are true and righteous!

The average Christian says that those born-again believers who live according to “the law” / Torah are deceived and that they are destroying the righteousness that is by faith when they do so.

6) David said that “the law” / Torah is more to be desired than much fine gold!

The average Christian says that the Torah is of little to no value for today’s born-again, spirit-filled, believer.

7) David said that “the law” / Torah warns us against the evil of this world and its consequences!

The average Christian says that “the law” / Torah is not needed to warn us concerning evil anymore and that which used to be evil is now good and that which used to be good is now evil.

8) David said that walking in obedience to “the law” / Torah is the basis for receiving great reward!

The average Christian says that salvation / justification by faith is all that you really need to concern yourself with and that there is little to no reward for obedience to “the law” / Torah.

It is no wonder that the saints of today are so confused about what “Paul” wrote in his letters.  They have been completely brain-washed to believe the exact opposite of the truth – as transmitted by David – by the inspiration of the Spirit.  They do not know that the apostle to the nations would NEVER have referred to the perfect, royal Torah of Yahweh as “bondage” and “the elements of this present world.”
“But when the fullness of the time was come, Elohim sent forth His Son, made of a woman, made under the law, To redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons.  And because ye are sons, Elohim hath sent forth the Spirit of His Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father.   So that thou art no more a servant, but a son; and if a son, then an heir of Yahweh through the Messiah.” ~ Galatians 4:4-6

Many learned theologians forget that a pharisee is someone who has earned a doctorate of “the law” / Torah.  Everything “Paul” wrote must be considered in the light of the mind of a first century, Jewish lawyer.  The phrase “under the law” is a prepositional phrase which means the exact opposite of what “Christian” scholars and theologians have traditionally taught that it means.  “Under the law” is a legal term commonly used in the first century, which meant that there is sufficient evidence to indict you and find you guilty for transgressing the law of Yahweh.

Therefore, the full weight of the law was coming down on you with crushing force and is completely against you to convict and condemn you.  Unless you can prove your innocence – you will forever be guilty and condemned.  You will forever be – “under the law.”

“But then, when ye knew not Yahweh, ye did service unto them which by nature are no mighty ones.  But now, after that ye have known Yahweh, or rather are known of Yahweh, how turn ye again to the weak and beggarly elements, to which ye desire again to be in bondage?  Ye observe days, and months, and times, and years.” ~ Galatians 4:7-10               

If you did not believe that Shaul’s words were being grossly perverted before now – surely these four verses will begin to open the eyes of your heart and the correct understanding.

First, he clearly states he is speaking to those who did not know Yahweh – but instead were worshipping false mighty ones.  Obviously, he was not speaking to the Jewish people of Israel.  He was speaking to people who previously practiced paganism.

Secondly, he says that after they have come to know Yahweh as their Savior they wanted to return to the weak and elementary matters which they used to practice in paganism – thus returning to bondage!  The apostle Shaul taught that paganism was the elementary matters of this world – not walking in obedience to “the law” / Torah!  He taught that practicing paganism was bondage and servitude – not obedience to Yahweh’s Torah!  All those who returned to paganism were thus “under the law” – because they were willfully transgressing “the law”!  I.e. The Torah!

Finally, in the light of the context of the words of his letter – the apostle is clearly teaching that the observance of pagan days, months and years are bondage and that the celebration of all such days are bringing those who celebrate them back “under the elements of this world.”  Whereas, the saints today preach and teach in favor of celebrating the days, months and years celebrated by pagan practice (as sanctioned by the Pope and the Roman Catholic Church) and teach in strong opposition to celebrating the appointed times of Yahweh (I.e. Leviticus 23) – the apostle to “the gentiles” taught the exact opposite in his letter to the Galatians.


Just like Chuck Barry’s hit song “The Twist” was made popular to another generation with a re-mix called “Twist Again” – so theologians must perversely twist all of Scripture repeatedly to sell their lies to the next generation.  It is only by completely twisting the words of the apostle’s letter to the Colossians that they can justify their wicked doctrines and dogmas – which are mostly lawless and against the Torah (i.e. the Instructions) of Yahweh.

Learned theologians and religious scholars love to quote Colossians 2:16-17 to authoritatively claim that born-again believers do not have to concern themselves with the dietary provisions of “the law” / Torah, the calendar of Yahweh and / or the Sabbath days of Yahweh.  However, they have only gotten away with this perversion of the Scriptures because they casually take these two verses out of the context of the entire letter.

Most students of the Christian Scriptures are taught that context is understood by studying the few verses before or after the verses being understood or in some rare cases the chapter before and / or the chapter afterwards.  However, the students of the Jewish Scripture are taught that context is the entire body of the Jewish Scriptures (I.e. the “Old Testament” / TaNaKh) from the very first verse till the very last verse.  Maybe if Christianity would return to our Jewish roots of correctly understanding the context of the Scripture we are studying from the entire body of the Christian Scriptures – from the very first verse in Genesis to the very last verse in Revelation – then we would no longer be so easily deceived and led astray into false doctrines, dogmas and traditions of men.

In the particular case of Shaul’s letter to the Colossians we only have to go back eight verses to understand the context of verses 16-17.

“See to it that no one makes a prey of you through (1) philosophy and (2) empty deceit, according to the tradition of men, according to the elementary matters of the world, and not according to Messiah.” ~ Colossians 2:8     

The rabbi from Tarsus gives several severe warnings to the new believers at the city of Colossae – who had just come out of pagan practices and were just now beginning a new life by faith in the one true Savior and Master – due to the favor they have found.

First, he warns them not to be led astray by those who love the wisdom of this world! I.e. Philosophy!

Second, he warns them not to be led astray by lies. Lies which men have passed down from generations long past according to their pagan superstitions, beliefs and practices, which he further identifies as “the elementary matters of the world!”

Please let me try to make this warning realistic to you.  It was not all that long ago that I had the privilege of visiting the nation of Indonesia for the second time.  It is estimated that more than 80% of the population of Indonesia are practicing Muslims.  If someone was to convert to Christianity and leave their Muslim faith behind – then that person would best represent the new converts whom the apostle is addressing in his letter to the Colossians.  Now, with such a person in mind, lets re-read Col. 2:16-17.

“Let no one therefore judge you in eating or in drinking, or in respect of a festival or a new moon or Sabbaths – which are a shadow of what is to come – but the Body of the Messiah.”

Now, if a Muslim from Indonesia no longer followed the teachings of Mohammad – as recorded in the Koran – and instead began following Yahoshua – and learning the teachings of the Jewish Bible (i.e. the “Old Testament”) that would most accurately represent what a first century born-again believer from Colossae did.  After all, they did not have a “New Testament” yet.  It would not be canonized for several more decades.  The only Scriptures that existed were from the “Old Testament” and the only place you would be able to find the Jewish Bible (i.e. TaNaKh) was at the local synagogue – where it would be read and taught every Sabbath day. I.e. Acts 15:21

When a man or woman converts to “the one true faith” and leaves behind their Muslim faith – don’t you know that their family, friends and close neighbors are going to judge them and condemn them?!  In Indonesia – they will disown you, disinherit you, divorce you and drive you out of the neighborhood.  In most of the western world – at least over the last two centuries – no one is going to require you to pay such a high price if you leave behind your pagan belief to follow the Nazarene – according to His Word.  The only price you will most likely be asked to pay in the western church is your tithes and offerings.

However, those who left paganism in the first century to follow Yahoshua haMashiach – according to His Word – would definitely be judged by their families and community and most likely persecuted – as were many of the born-again believers of the first century.  This is exactly who the apostle was speaking to in his letter!  Once again, we “discover” by the correct understanding of the context of the letter to the Colossians that the message the apostle was communicating to the first century assembly at Colossae is the exact opposite of that which the theologians and Bible scholars preach and teach today.

First, he warns them not to let practicing pagans judge / condemn them now that they are no longer eating and drinking according to their pagan practice(s) – but instead are eating and drinking according to the teaching(s) of Scripture – as recorded in Genesis 9:3-4 & 7:2-3, Leviticus 11 & Deuteronomy 14

Second, he warns them not to let practicing pagans judge / condemn them for celebrating / honoring the appointed feasts of Yahweh (Leviticus 23), the New Moons of Yahweh (i.e. the set-apart calendar of Yahweh) and the Sabbaths of Yahweh (Exodus 20:8-11 & 31:13-17 & Deuteronomy 5: 12-15)

Finally, the last part of his warning is for new believers to correctly understand who has been given the authority to judge in righteousness how new believers are to live their lives – now that they have converted to “the one true faith”. I.e. “The Body of Messiah!

Before He ascended to Heaven, He transferred the authority of righteous judgment from the ruling Sanhedrin and the Great Assembly of 120 pharisees to wherever two or three where gathered in His name (Matthew 18:15-20).  The reason most Christians do not read this passage this way is because the translators added the word “is” when they translated the King James Version of the Scriptures and most of the other translations followed suit.  By adding the word “is” they have completely changed the intended meaning of verse 17 and perverted it altogether.


Correct Translation – “Which are a shadow of what is to come – but the Body of the Messiah.” ~ Institute for Scripture Research – Scriptures Translation – 1998 

Mistranslation – “Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body is of Christ.” ~ King James Version


The apostle does not say the appointed feasts of Yahweh, the calendar of Yahweh and the Sabbaths of Yahweh are nailed to the cross and done away with – No!  Not at all!  He says they are a shadow of “good things” yet to be fulfilled!

One of the BIGGEST and most often repeated lies in Christendom today is that all of “the law” / Torah has been fulfilled in and through the death, burial, resurrection and ascension of Yahoshua haMashiach.  Nothing could be further from the truth!  Only the first half of the appointments found in “the law” / Torah have been fulfilled at the ‘100’ level of prophetic fulfillment.  The second half of these appointments will soon be fulfilled at the ‘100’ level of fulfillment at Yahoshua’s victorious return.  The shadow picture of the weekly Sabbath appointment will also be fulfilled at that time.

The weekly Sabbath celebration is a shadow picture which foretells the soon coming seventh thousand-year-day – when Yahoshua and His bride will rule for a millennium and all of creation will know perfect rest.  From this very shadow picture – Yahoshua is declaring the end from the beginning- just as He declared – seven different times – through the prophet Isaiah! E.g. Isa. 46:10  Intellectual honesty will have to admit that this shadow picture has not been fulfilled yet and that the unscriptural practice for reverencing the first day of the week is not a shadow picture at all!

If anyone doubts this is the true and correct understanding of Colossians 2:16-17 – then they only need to keep reading the rabbi’s letter and believe his words at face value…

“If, then, you died with Messiah from the elementary matters of the world, why, as though living in the world, do you subject yourselves to regulations: “Do not touch, do not taste, do not handle” –  which are all to perish with use – according to the commands and teachings of men?  These indeed have an appearance of wisdom in self-imposed worship, humiliation and harsh treatment of the body – of no value at all, only for satisfaction of the flesh.” ~ Colossians 2:20-23


First, the apostle repeats the exact phrase he first used in verse 8 of the same chapter – so that there can be no confusion whatsoever that he is matter-of-factly speaking of “the elementary matters of the world” and not the perfect Torah (i.e. Instructions) of Yahweh – which proceeded from the throne of Heaven!

Secondly, he clearly states that he is speaking of “the commands and teachings of men” and not the perfect Torah of Yahweh – which proceeded from the mouth Yahweh!

Thirdly, he emphasizes that what he is speaking against was of “no value at all” and only for the “satisfaction of the flesh.”  It is has become increasingly and embarrassingly obvious that the author cannot possibly be speaking against the first five books of the Word of Yahweh – which was so eloquently and truthfully praised by David in Psalm 19:7-11.  Of course, he could only be speaking of the false religious beliefs and practices of paganism!

However, most scholars and theologians will not accept that which is profoundly obvious and will instead choose to continue to practice and preach the lies they’ve inherited from their pagan-practicing fathers. (Jeremiah 16:19)  Lies that have been white-washed in Jesus’ name and are only sustainable from generation to generation – by continually perverting and twisting the words of “Paul” and the heavenly intent of the rest of the Scriptures – thus, fully fulfilling the severe prophetic warning of Shimon Kepha – almost 2,000 year ago!

“Those who are untaught and unstable twist (the words of “Paul the apostle”) to their own destruction, as they do also the other Scriptures.” ~ 2Kepha (Peter) 3:16b  


Once again, we witness that Yahoshua responds to the tempter by standing uncompromised on the truth of Torah – speaking it out loud – and correctly applying it to the temptation at hand.

“Yahoshua said to him, “It has also been written, ‘You shall not try Yahweh your Elohim.’” ~ Matthew 4:7

Yahoshua was quoting Moses – as recorded in Deuteronomy 6:16.

“Do not try Yahweh your Elohim as you tried Him in Massah.”

Perhaps it would be of great benefit to all of us to ask the question, “Just how did the children of Yisrael try Elohim at the waters of Massah?”  We find the answer by reading true account of the waters of Massah in Exodus 17:1-7.

Even though the Yisraelites were eye-witnesses to the strong right arm of Yahweh and how He showed Himself far superior to the ten elohim (“mighty-ones”) worshipped by the Egyptians (e.g. the god of Death, the Sun god, the River god, etc.) through the ten different plagues, the subsequent decimation of Pharaoh and his army at the sea of reeds (after they had all walked across safely with a wall of water on both sides), the miracle of the bitter waters turning into sweet waters and the daily provision of food (manna and quail) in the wilderness – THEY STILL CHOSE NOT TO BELIEVE IN THE STRONG RIGHT ARM OF YAHWEH TO PROVIDE FOR THEIR NEEDED DAILY WATER SUPPLY AT MT. SINAI!

In other words, even though they knew Yahweh promised to provide for their every need and even though He had demonstrated His power and might to do so – they still refused to stand on the authority of His Word!


When we do not trust Yahweh – putting our full weight on the promises He has made to us – then we are no different than the children of Yisrael at the waters of Massah!  We are literally trying Yahweh!


“Again, the devil took Him up on a very high mountain, and showed Him all the reigns of the world, and their esteem, and said to Him, “All these I shall give You if You fall down and worship me.” ~ Matthew 4:8-9         

For the second time, we witness that Satan had the power to completely alter the physical circumstances of our Savior and Master (who was also the devil’s Creator) – when He was a man made of flesh.  If our enemy can get permission to test / try the king of the Universe – even altering his life-circumstances – then how come so many of us honestly think we are exempt / immune to such trials / tests in our spiritual life?  Why are we so easily deceived to think that everything should be so easy and perfect for us – just because we are followers of Yahoshua of Nazareth?  Surely, we have been deceived by our own wicked and deceitful hearts (Jeremiah 17:9) and those who would tickle our ears with every false and evil doctrine!

The Scriptures plainly speak against all such lies!  The health, wealth and prosperity “gospel” is killing the one true faith in these last days – and all who hold to it.

“If anyone comes to Me and does not hate his own father and mother and wife and children and brothers and sisters, yes, and even his own life, he cannot be My disciple.  Whoever does not bear his own cross and come after Me cannot be My disciple.” ~ Luke 14:26-27

“We must through much tribulation enter into the kingdom of Elohim.” ~Acts 14:22b

“Yea, and all that will live piously in the Messiah Yahoshua shall suffer persecution.” ~ 2Timothy 3:12

Upon closer scrutiny of this third and final test, we find that it is in all actuality the exact same test as the first two.  Will Yahoshua stand on the Word of Yahweh, which was spoken at the time of His immersion or will He fall for the lies of the enemy!

In Psalm chapter 2 – Yahweh the Father promises to give the nations of this world to Yahweh the Son!

“Yahweh hath said unto Me, Thou art My Son; this day have I begotten thee.  Ask of Me, and I shall give Thee the heathen for Thine inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for Thy possession.” ~ Psalm 2:7-8

Satan was essentially calling Yahoshua’s Father a liar.  He was literally saying, “You think you’re the Son of Yahweh?  Ha!  If you are the Son of Yahweh and if Your Father cannot lie – then how come all the kingdoms of this world bow down to me and worship me?  How can Your Father give You the kingdoms of this world – if they all, already belong to me?”

The Devil then offered Yahoshua a seemingly pragmatic and viable solution.  “Since Your Father has lied to You and cannot possibly be trusted to make good on His Word – I will personally fulfill the promise of the psalmist’s prophecy – if you will only bow down and worship me!”

Believe it or not – this third test is Satan challenging the Word of Yahweh one last time…

“This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.” ~ Matthew 3:17b

For the third and final time – Yahoshua will pass the test the exact same way that He passed the first two times – by authoritatively quoting the Torah of Yahweh – as recorded in Deuteronomy 6:13.

“Then saith Yahoshua unto him, Get thee hence, Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt worship Yahweh thy Elohim, and Him only shalt thou serve.” ~ Matthew 4:10

Satan tried our Messiah, Yahoshua, three different times – concerning the same revealed word.  In the same /similar way – we will probably be tested repeatedly concerning the revealed Word of Yahweh spoken to us also – whether it be the written word or the word revealed by the Spirit – which will always agree with the word that is written in the Jewish and Christian Scriptures!


Once Yahoshua had successfully passed His test – three different times – the messengers from Heaven were sent to minister to Him and He then entered into full-time ministry.  During His ministry He always lived His life in 100% agreement with what was written in His Father’s Torah – without any deviation or alteration!  Eight different times He stated that He was not preaching / teaching anything new and that everything He did was what He was instructed to do by His Father.  As a direct result, He performed miracles never seen before or since and His ministry profoundly changed the course of history!

In the exact same / similar way – the more we will stand on the Word of Yahweh uncompromised in the face of every trial / test – the more the messengers from Heaven will minister to our every need, and the more authentic, supernatural signs and wonders will follow us, and the more impactful for the kingdom our ministry will be!

Shalom Aleichem and Blessed Passover!

His servant and yours,

Robert-Arthur: McDuffie ~ Gal. 6:14












 Three times of the year, the first fruits of El we bring,

First the barley, then the wheat and then every good and tasty thing.

The barley is Y’shua, the wheat – His wondrous Bride,

The fruit of the womb – the children, at the coming of His righteous tide.

The feasts of Yahweh are the key – to know His plan of liberty,

For you and me and all to see – in the golden year of Jubilee!

He is the risen Hebrew Groom, coming for His Hebrew Bride,

After the rapturous consummation in Heaven, He will return with her by His side.


At that time – when His army is revealed – the devil’s son’s will be taken away,

Then all will see what was concealed, and His fire will burn the stubble, wood and hay!

Then she who was barren, a mother she will be,

A family which can’t be counted – more than the stars up above or the sands of the sea!

The Kingdom of El is coming, a thousand years to reign,

With His Bride they’ll will rule with a rod, the nations they will train!

So who is this Bride and the children soon to be,

What will make the difference for all eternity?

His Bride – once a child, grew in favor to maturity,

The children – not maturing – because they favored their iniquity!

They worked the good works of the Kingdom, proclaiming in His Name,

They cast out demons, performing miracles – yet in dismay they will proclaim –

Lord, Lord – how can You send us away? He then will answer on that day,
You preached, your prayed, you prophesied, But you never learned to obey!

My pure spotless Bride – I have known in Heaven,

My children – away, away – you who loved your leaven!

Born again by My favor, I redeemed you to Myself,

You would not heed My Spirit, and only listened to yourself!

My Word and My Spirit – they will always agree,

But you would not receive the truth, when I whispered it to thee.

My Bride My Wondrous Bride – she listened and obeyed,

She heeded by My Spirit and in My presence she always stayed.

She let My Spirit lead her, while My other children played.

She loved My truth above all and considered not her life,

That is why forever, she will always and only be My wife!

She loved My Sabbaths and honored My feasts,

She hated the lies of the whore and the beast.


She loved what I loved and what I loathed she loathed too,

And that why I have taken the one who was true!

Faith without obedience equals no reward,

You are My children – not My wife – because I was NEVER your Lord!


You walked in the lies and traditions of men,

You refused to obey me and that’s why you’re not My friend!

If you had truly loved Me, you would have obeyed My voice,

You’re not My Bride today – because of your own free will choice!


Choose the blessing! Choose good! Choose light! Choose life!

And you too will go to Heaven – when He comes to take His wife!

At the feast of Shavuot – He shall take you as His own,

And He will make you to co-rule, when He ascends upon His throne!


Sincerely and in Love, His servant and yours,

Robert-Arthur: McDuffie ~ Gal. 6:14








A Bible Study That Examines The Full Counsel of The Scripture Concerning the Much Debated Issue of The Timing of Yahoshua’s Death, Burial, & Resurrection!

By way of explanation: I have elected to use the English version of Jesus’ Hebrew name throughout this Bible study.  Thus Joshua = Jesus.

Choicest Messianic greetings to all my family, in the name of our Savior and Master – Joshua the Messiah!  During the course of my research for a possible book, I am writing you this letter to share with you the conclusions that I have come to concerning some of the much debated issues of our Master’s death, burial, and resurrection.  We will concentrate our focus on reconciling by the Set-apart Scriptures three seemingly conflicting issues:

  1. The words of Joshua our Savior that He would be in the belly of the earth for three days and three nights. I.e. MattithYahu / Matthew 12:40
  2. The Scriptures that claim that He rose from the grave on the third day. I.e. MattithYahu / Matthew 16:21, 17:23, 20:19 & 27:64; Mark 9:31 & 10:34; Luke 9:22, 18:33, 24:7 & 46; Acts 10:40 & 1Corinthians 15:4
  3. That Joshua prophetically fulfilled the significance of the first four of the annual Set-apart Feasts of Yahweh (i.e. Way yiqra / Leviticus 23) on the exact day and to the very second that the feasts were appointed to be fulfilled over a period of exactly 55 Scriptural defined days. I.e. Genesis 1:5b

Once we’ve discovered the exact timing of these events we will then begin to examine the evil force behind all the misinformation regarding these events and how the entire world has come under a grave and strong delusion.  For the purpose of brevity, I will simply state my sources and make my claims and then let you do the legwork for yourself.  Before I begin, I would like to thank Yahweh for the revelation He has given me – by the Set-apart Spirit and from the Scriptures – through much prayer.

If I am in error concerning any of the following, I ask for His forgiveness and immediate correction.  My sole motivation in sharing this is that Yahweh Eloah (the LORD GOD) will be greatly esteemed and that we may be edified.  If I may be so bold, would you please pray with me before we begin?

Heavenly Father, your only-born Son Joshua promised us that Your Set-apart Spirit would lead us into all Truth. I.e. John 14:26 & 16:13  Please reveal to us by Your Word (i.e. John 8:31-32) the significance of this revelation and teaching that we may truly obey, love and esteem You more and that we may love one another.

In the name of Joshua the Messiah I pray, Amein!

Disclaimer: None of us has all the answers or understands everything, especially when it comes to the Scriptures.  As I share my references, please beware that because of the day and hour that we live in that whereas they may be credible reference sources for documenting my findings they will probably also contain additional content that is completely false.  In the words of Dr. Kent Hovind “chew the meat, spit out the bones” or if you prefer “chew the dates, spit the seeds.”

It seems to be historically consistent, as soon as any man comes into some enlightenment about the Word of Yahweh (or what they sincerely believe is the Word of Yahweh) they then proceed to organize and become yet another cult, religion, or denomination.


Before we can accurately understand the timing and significance of the Messiah’s death and resurrection, we have to first establish the precise year in which He actually died.  If one looks to the internet – you don’t have to search very hard to find out that there is literally hundreds of web sites that teach on this subject matter with their varying conclusions ranging from A.D. 28 – 34.

How could this be possible?  Seven different answers given – when there can only be one possible correct answer!  In the original language of the Bible (Hebrew), the number seven represents perfection or completion.  When I first tried to get a straight answer to the question of what year it was that Joshua died – it seemed as though the answer(s) was completely and perfectly confusing.

If I were to inquire of the average South African as to what year Apartheid ended – everyone would give the same answer.  If I were to inquire of the average U.S. Citizen as to what year the people of the U.S.of A. declared their independence – everyone would be able to answer with the same year and even the day!  The same goes for the day the last time the temple fell in Jerusalem, Israel.

Almost every Jewish person knows (as well as most of Christendom the whole world over) that the temple that Herod the Great had built from 20 B.C. – 26 A.D. was destroyed on the 9th of Av in the year 70 A.D. – which history records fell on the weekly Sabbath day during a Sabbath / Shmitah year.   So, how come the most important day in all of human history cannot be known with equal certainty and historic authority?  How come there are seven different authoritative answers given for this most important day?

As I began to search out the answer to this question, I was soon surprised to learn there was overwhelming empirical evidence which demands a verdict of an A.D. 30 crucifixion!


One of the most compelling books written on the subject of the death of Joshua of Nazareth is “Secrets of Golgotha” by Ernest L. Martin.  It is 277 pgs. of very worthwhile reading.  It is packed with practical understandings of the time period from Joshua’s arrest until His burial.  It is also filled to the brim with the significance of the cross of Calvary and all that it symbolizes.

I personally came into a much greater appreciation of the fulfillment of the sacrificial system found in the Torah, in the person of the Messiah Joshua, through this one book than my previous 26 years of Christian “education” combined.  It is available for purchase on line @ .  Also, be sure to download his research paper, “The Chronology of New Testament Times” available free of charge @ Chronology of New Testament Times .

Another insightful resource offering three very informative research papers on this matter of the A.D. 30 crucifixion is by Wade Cox.  You can download all three papers @ 

The Timing of the Crucifixion

The Sign of Jonah and The Reconstruction of The Temple

Reading The Law With Ezra and Nehemiah

There are literally hundreds of resources available to study which year our Savior died. Some of the arguments for the crucifixion to be in different years are actually pretty good.  However, I have found the above to be the most informative and factual without being doctrinally driven. I.e. trying to justify by whatever means most convenient an already established and adhered to doctrinal belief rather than trying to discover the truth.  Thus, I was compelled to begin my search with an A.D. 30 crucifixion.


One would think, that once an A.D. 30 crucifixion was established beyond all reasonable doubt, that discovering the day of the week that the Passover fell upon, (the 14th of Aviv / Nisan, from Way yiqra / Leviticus 23:5), would be a snap.  After all, isn’t this date firmly established by the counting from the new moon, and wasn’t this calendar that Elohim had established at the creation strictly adhered to by the Sadducees in Joshua’s day?

Please see God’s Calendar

When one searches the internet for an A.D. 30 crucifixion, conflicting answers abound as to what day of the week Joshua was crucified.  Why all the variance?  Most of these web sites contain some sort of astronomical resource for their verification.  Most of them are pretty credible resources that are non-biased in their information, like the department of the U.S. Navy for instance.  So why all the confusion?

The answer is twofold.  First, a few do not adhere to Yahrushalayim (Jerusalem) time. Thus, their result is tainted.  Second, most “scholars” err in that they count the days from the new moon, which they define as being the appearing of the first light of the crescent.  The counting of the days were to start from the conjunction!  The main idea behind the keeping of the New Moon Sabbath Feast (i.e. 2nd Chronicles 2:4) is the concept that Elohim is hidden and no man has ever seen Him. I.e. Yahonan / John 1:18; 1Timothy 6:16 & 1Yahonan / John 4:12

The difficulty that “scholars” have with this – is their refusal to believe that men who lived more than 3,500 years ago were capable of the math equations necessary to keep an accurate calendar.  History reveals the Hebrew people were in fact expert mathematicians who were very capable of these and even much more advanced equations.  In addition, the Hillel II calendar that has been kept, and modified multiple times, by Jewish Israelites since the 4th century A.D. is pure fanciful fiction based mostly on unbiblical traditions.

Please see the papers:

 The Golden Calf
“The New Moons” @ .

Note: Since I first wrote this paper, I “discovered” empirical mathematical evidence that proves once and for all that Yahweh’s set-apart calendar – first revealed at Mt. Sinai – is by the conjunction of the moon and by the light of the first sliver over Jerusalem.  You can peer review my research @ The New Moon Of Yahweh

Once all the confusion about why all the different days are claimed by differing astronomical sources is cleared up, the correct answer appears.  Per Her Majesty’s Nautical Almanac Office in the U.K., Aviv / Nisan 14, A.D. 30. was a Tuesday evening / Wednesday.  Thus, the Messiah was crucified on Wednesday, April 5th, A.D. 30.

The Messiah and His disciples ate the meal of the preparation together at the beginning of the Passover season A.D. 30.  This was  Tuesday night, and the next day was Wednesday.  Much confusion has risen from this matter because of the wording of the different accounts.

Please The Passover (as  well as other insightful documents linked within, including The Lord’s Supper to clear up any confusion that you (quite understandably) might have about which meal it was that Joshua and His disciples ate
prior to His arrest. 

Another good resource that helps to clarify exactly which meal it was that Joshua and His disciples ate is the “The Messianic Believer’s First Response Handbook” by Rabbi Moshe Yoseph Koniuchowsky.  You can down load this book in pdf form off the internet.

First Response Hand Book

For the most part this handbook is very worthwhile reading and I recommend it to every Messianic believer in Joshua.

The author has a great deal of sarcasm in the tone of his writing, however that does not mean what he is saying is not true.  I am not endorsing this author to the body of Messiah, only this particular work, most of which I found to be insightful and useful as an apologetic tool to give a Scriptural answer to those who ask.  I have copied word for word from this book starting with page 109 and continuing to page 112.


“A perfunctory examination of New Testament texts reveals that the Books of Matthew, Mark and Luke all agree that the Last Supper was actually a Passover Seder. Bearing in mind that Yahshua was crucified on the very next day following the Last Supper, that would mean that according to all three synoptic Gospels, Yahshua was crucified on the first day of Passover, or the 15th day of the Jewish month of Nissan (for example, if tonight were a Passover Seder, then tomorrow would be the first day of Passover).

The author of the Book of John, however, completely contradicts the first three Gospels and maintains that Yahshua was crucified on the eve of Passover, or the 14th day of Nissan. The Book of John reads, “Now it was the day of preparation for the Passover Then he handed him over to them to be crucified (John 19:14-16).” The implications of this stunning contradiction cannot be overstated because both claims cannot be true.

In essence, this is not the sort of inconsistency that can be explained away by missionaries insisting that the reason for the varying Gospel accounts is due to different perspectives of the Gospel writers. Yahshua was crucified either on the eve of Passover, which is the 14th day of Nissan, as John contends, or on the first day of Passover, which is the 15th day of Nissan, as the Gospels of Matthew, Mark and Luke maintain. Yahshua could not have been crucified on both days.”


There are several accusations here that if proven true by the anti-missionary, can prove to be worrisome. However if we delve deeper into the texts, we will see that as always the anti-missionary has either not done his homework, or has purposely misled. The statement was made that the “Last Supper was actually a Passover Seder.”

First of all, can we prove that Yahshua did not eat the Passover, but rather ate a Memorial Meal prior to the Passover? Moreover can we prove that this pre Passover Memorial Supper may have been His last, but was not Passover? Since Yahshua was the Passover Lamb, He could not by definition eat the Passover, since the Passover was slaughtered before the Passover on the annual Preparation Day. We cannot be too hard on the anti-missionaries ignorance here because many Christians make the same errors.

The Paschal Lamb had to be killed “between the evenings” on the day of the 14th of Aviv between 3-6PM or “bayn haarbayim” (Shemot/Exodus 12:6). This killing of the Passover on the 14th in the afternoon is confirmed in Bamidbar/Numbers 9:5. The lamb was eaten from around 5 PM right on into the night of the 15th. That is where most get confused. The eating occurred during the latter part of the 14th, and well into the 15th.

That night after sundown was the 15th, making the actual completion of the meal on the night of the 15th, with the start during the late afternoon of the 14th.

With that background, we will see exactly what the synoptic gospels do say. We will see that they do not contradict John’s gospel, but rather perfectly match. In Luke 22:7 we see that the Memorial Meal was to be held before the Preparation Day, or the day of the slaughtering of the lamb, because the Preparation Day of the 14th was quickly approaching late on the 13th. Luke 22:7 & 13 makes it clear that the Memorial Meal was modeled after and called a Passover Preparation by Yahshua, then later in Luke 22:15 Yahshua officially states that the meal is not Passover.

But, it will have to do this year, because of His death on the official annual Preparation Day “BEFORE my suffering.” In Luke 22:14 the hour had come and Yahshua announced that despite His great desire and zeal to celebrate the true Passover with them, He would not, and could not, celebrate with them this year as in prior years, due to His impending and ordained suffering in Luke 22:15. This Memorial Meal would just have to suffice! 

Moreover in Luke 22:16 He states that despite His desire, the Father’s will and the Father’s desire has not allowed that. Therefore HE WILL NOT CELEBRATE PASSOVER WITH THEM THAT YEAR, or ever again for that matter, until He celebrates it with them in the coming Messianic Age or kingdom. Luke 22:15-16 cannot be clearer. Yahshua then did not eat the Passover that year. Nevertheless for preparation purposes He called it a Passover preparation, otherwise the disciples would not have known what He wanted prepared or what manner of meal He desired prepared. Since the Preparation Day is the afternoon of the 14th with the slaughter followed immediately by the meal late on the 14th turning into the 15th, He had the Memorial Meal on the night of the 14th just after the sunset on the 13th.

Now the anti-missionary has told you that the synoptic gospels teach that Yahshua ate the Passover on the first day of Passover, or on the night of the 15th. While the night of the 15th was the completion of the normal Passover meal that started late on the 14th, we can prove that Yahshua did not eat the Passover and that He was dead by the time Passover started, just like John said he was. Let’s end the confusion once and for all.

In Matthew 26:17 the Greek word normally translated first is protos. The word day is not in the Greek text and therefore cannot read “first day.” Now the word protos can either mean first or BEFORE. The translators due to their ignorance of Hebraic practice, almost universally translated the word protos as first, rather than as before. Then to make matters worse, they added the word “day” not in the actual Matthew 26:17 text. By eliminating the word day and reading the verse with the understanding that protos can mean BEFORE, depending on the context, we see that Luke matches Matthew quite well, since both insist that Before Unleavened Bread started on the night of the 15th, Yahshua had eaten and been killed.

Now what about Mark? Can Mark line up with Matthew and Luke? Well surprise, surprise, surprise! In Mark 14:12 the Word first is protos again which according to understanding YHWH’s calendar has to mean before, and not the alternative rendering “first.” Here we have the word protos followed by the Word for day, which is hemera.

Mark 14:12 reads in the literal Greek, “Before Day Unleavened!” “Before” the Day of Unleavened Bread, makes a whole lot more sense than “first” day of Unleavened Bread. Just as importantly, it causes Mark to line up perfectly with both Luke and Matthew. Yahshua was killed BEFORE the FIRST of UNLEAVENED BREAD!

Let’s tackle John. Actually rather than contradict the synoptic accounts, John makes our point and YHWH’s truth even clearer! In John 13:1 the word before the Festival of the Passover is guess what?

“Pro” meaning BEFORE, and is the root word and derivative from which protos is derived in the other gospels. The word “pro” by itself is a primary preposition. Had the translators translated with just a drop of “Leviticus 23 understanding”, all gospels would match as both “protos,” and “pro” would be translated “before Passover” and “before Unleavened Bread”, since as we all have figured out by now that Messiah Yahshua couldn’t be the Passover on the afternoon of the 14th, and later eat the Passover on the night of the 15th, since dead men don’t each much! John 13:1 confirms that all this activity took place prior to Passover night. Also the word in John 12:1 speaking of Yahshua visiting Bethany before His death, is the word “pro” again meaning before Passover.

The Book of John rather than contradicting all three synoptic gospels, confirms all three with the clear usage of pro the root of protos. The events described at the Memorial Meal by John are unique insights into the actual details of the Memorial Last Supper, and provide a different look into the events of that night on the 14th just after sundown. The addition of those details only found in John, enriches the understanding, rather than contradicting the description of the events, mentioned in the three synoptic gospels.

John 19:14-15 beautifully nails down this understanding for us. In verse 14 we see Yahshua dying BEFORE PASSOVER, officially beginning between 3-5PM by dying at 3PM during the normal annual Jewish Preparation Day, when all the lambs were slaughtered. John 19:30 confirms this timing. Then the clincher is found in John 19:31 where we see that Yahshua died on the Preparation Day of the Passover lamb, not the “first day” of Unleavened Bread, but rather “protos” or BEFORE UNLEAVENED BREAD.

John 19:42 reiterates that the death took place on the afternoon of the 14th, the traditional annual Preparation Day and time. John 18:28 and John 18:39 are both further clear confirmations that Yahshua was killed BEFORE “pro” or “protos” Passover, and both the Jews refusing to be “ritually defiled” by entering a gentile edifice, along with the releasing of a prisoner in honor of the “upcoming Passover”, are crystal clear pre Passover events. This understanding clears up both the Memorial Supper/Passover question, as it also sets in order the proper understanding of the events, and the actual dates of the Master Yahshua’s crucifixion!

Now what was that, which Tovia Singer was saying about Yahshua being crucified on two different days?”

~ Thus concludes the words of Rabbi Moshe Yoseph Koniuchowsky. ~


On that same day (the preparation day, Tuesday eve. / Wednesday, Aviv / Nisan 14), in  accordance with the Law of Moses and according to the Talmud the High Priest killed  and offered an unblemished lamb sacrifice on behalf of the people of Yisrael at  approximately 12:00 p.m. Jerusalem time.

Thus, Joshua was nailed to the cross at 9 a.m. at the exact same time the daily  morning sacrifice was offered in the temple. I.e. Shemoth / Exodus 29:39 & Mark 15:25  The land was consumed by supernatural darkness at the exact same time of the annual Paschal lamb for the nation of Yisrael (i.e. Shemoth / Exodus  12:6 & MattithYahu / Matthew  27:45) and the Messiah cried out, “It is finished!”, at the exact same time as the daily  evening sacrifice. I.e. MattithYahu / Matthew  27:45-46  &  Yahonan / John  19:30

The “Talmud” records that on the day of the Passover, to the very minute, at the same time the daily evening sacrifice was slain inside the temple, the high priest of Yisrael declared with a loud voice, “It is finished!”  This was to signify that all the Paschal lambs had been slaughtered and the sacrifices for that  day were completed.  This is exactly what our high priest declared and then He died. I.e. Mark  15:33-37 & MattithYahu / Matthew 27:46-50 

This fulfilled the prophetic significance of the Passover Feast; the very first of the annual set-apart feasts that Joshua has / will fulfill at the exact appointed time. I.e. Yahonan / John 1:29 & 36 &  1Kepha / Peter 1:19


Before nightfall, they put Joshua’s body in the tomb of a rich man named Yoseph of Arimathea.  There is a profound, scripturally
logical, and very much scripturally symbolic reason why Joseph of  Arimathea had to beg, with much haste and persuasion, for the body  of our Master.  You will be extremely blessed to know what those  reasons were / are.  I shall not divulge them here, but rest assured they are worth discovering and profiting from in the reading of the book by Ernest L. Martin listed above.                                                        

The main reason that they had to bury Joshua before dark, was that the next day was a Sabbath unto Yahweh. This Sabbath was not just any Sabbath, this was the first Sabbath of 7 annual Sabbaths unto Yahweh.  Elohim had ordained these Sabbaths to be held within and during, the Set-apart feasts of Yahweh. I.e. Way yiqra / Leviticus 23:6-7  This can be proven very easily two different ways.

The first is in a correct understanding of MattithYahu / Matthew 28:1.  The King James Version translators incorrectly translated the Greek word Sabbaton (Strong’s G4521) to read Sabbath (singular) instead of Sabbaths (plural).  Of course, the plurality is referring to the annual Wed. eve. / Thursday Sabbath and then the weekly Friday eve. / Saturday Sabbath.

It should correctly read, “In the end of the Sabbaths” – plural, not “Sabbath” – singular. 

This was probably done as a result of a strong conviction that the translators had in a conflicting worldwide religious tradition and not in malice.  Like most mere men, they thought their personal belief about the matter was infallible.  After all, they were in 100% agreement on this matter; therefore, the copyist must have erred.  Thus, tradition won the day!

To further illustrate the bias of the King James translators, “Sabbatismos” (Strong’s G4520), the singular form of Sabbath, is rendered as “rest” and not the Sabbath, which of course it is.  Protestants throughout the world did not keep the Sabbath set apart unto Yahweh and therefore they did not want to stir up the people to question whether or not they should obey the commandment of Yahweh rather than the traditions of men.   

“There remaineth therefore a Sabbath-keeping (day of resting) to the people of God (Elohim).” ~ Ibrim / Hebrews 4:9

The second way to prove that Joshua was buried prior to the annual Sabbath, is by comparing the texts of Mark 16:1 and Luke 23:56.  Mark 16:1 proclaims that it was after the Sabbath that the women bought and prepared the spices.  Luke 23:56 proclaims that it was before the Sabbath that they bought and prepared the spices.  The only way both texts can be reconciled is if they bought and prepared the spices after the annual Thursday Sabbath, on Friday, April 6th, and before the weekly seventh day Sabbath, which would also be that very same Friday.

You will recall that our Messiah came to fulfill the Torah, therefore His sacrifice had to be a lawful one in every way.  It was against Elohim’s Torah to leave a man (any man) hanging on a tree overnight. I.e. Debarim / Deuteronomy 21:21-23  It does not matter if compliance with the Torah was a conscious consideration on the part of the Hebrew rulers or not.

If you believe that any of Joshua’s arrest, trial, judgment and execution were in any way done apart from Yahweh’s Torah, then I highly commend to you the book by Ernest L. Martin that I’ve mentioned previously.  Let me assure you, Messiah’s arrest, trial, judgment and execution had to be lawful in every way.  He came to fulfill the Torah!

“Think not that I am come to destroy the Torah or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfill. For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no way pass from the Torah, till all be fulfilled.” ~ MatithYahu / Matthew 5:17-18

Messiah’s body was placed in the tomb just prior to the first day of the second feast, the seven-day Feast of Unleavened Bread. I.e. Shemoth / Exodus 23:14-15 & Way yiqra / Leviticus 23:6  Unleavened bread is traditionally striped, then pierced and put in the oven for a very short time.  Is this not a perfect picture of what our Master has done for us?  Wasn’t He striped (i.e. 1Kepha / Peter 2:24) and then pierced (i.e. Yahonan / John 19:37) and then put into the tomb that He may descend into death and hell – conquering them for us?! I.e. Revelation 1:18

Joshua said, “I am the Bread of Life”. I.e. Yahonan / John 6:48  Paul said of Joshua that He was unleavened (without sin). I.e. Yahonan / John 6:51; Mark 14:22 & 1Corinthians 5:7-8  Joshua fulfilled the prophetic significance of the Feast of Unleavened Bread.  The first three days and nights that someone died in the days that Joshua our redeemer walked the earth were called “the days of weeping”.  It was the custom to mourn for the dead three full days and nights.  This was followed by four “days of lamenting” – thus making seven days. I.e. Bereshith / Genesis 27:41 & 50:10; 1Shemuel / Samuel 31:13 & Iyob 2:13  Joshua rose!  Turning our mourning and tears into joy and our lamentation into laughter and victory! I.e. 1Corinthians 15:54-57 & Mismore / Psalm 126:5


Now that we have established the year, the exact date, and the lawfulness of our Messiah’s crucifixion we will focus on Joshua’s resurrection.  If we say that He rose on the first day of the week, even at the very beginning of Sunday (i.e. Saturday evening after sunset) we make the Scriptures contradict one another.  We westerners with our Gregorian calendar mind set begin the counting of each day from midnight.

The Hebrew people however, even up until the present day, begin their counting of each new day from the setting of the sun.  This understanding is derived from the special creation account in Bereshith / Genesis 1.  Therefore, let us count the days together in Hebrew!

Wednesday eve./Thursday = day 1
Thursday eve./Friday = day 2
Friday eve./Saturday = day 3

So, if Joshua rose on Saturday eve. / Sunday, He would have risen on the fourth day which we all know is 100% incorrect. There are numerous Scriptures that insist that the Son of Yahweh Elohim of Hosts rose on the third day.

So, how do we reconcile this seeming contradiction as well as the prophetic fulfillment of the Feast of the First Fruits?  Elohim clearly commanded this feast to be held on the Sabbath eve. / First day during the week of Unleavened Bread. I.e. Leviticus 23:9-11  The answer must be in the Scriptures, but where?  When the answer is as plain as the nose on your face – there is no need to make mention of it or point it out – it just is!  My friends, we have all become theological idiots.  We bare witness against ourselves to the dumbing down of the true Messianic doctrine.

For Example: A Yahudim / Jewish wedding feast is seven days.  The Scriptures (i.e Shophetim / Judges 14:12) and Hebrew tradition agree.  In Yahonan / John 2:1, we read about Joshua and His disciples arriving on the third day.  Which third day? The Scriptures do not say.  Why not?  Because everyone in the first century knew that a Yahudim (Jewish) wedding feast was seven days.  Unless the author had stated otherwise, he must have meant the obvious (at least it was obvious to everyone to whom he was writing in the 1st century – not necessarily to us today).  It was the third day of the wedding feast in Cana of Galilee.  The intent was obvious, and the knowledge of the intent was universal in Yahonan’s / John’s day.

Even so, so it is with the day of Joshua’s resurrection.  It was universal knowledge in the first century A.D. that Joshua had died at Passover and had been buried just prior to the seven-day Feast of Unleavened Bread.  Unless the authors had stated otherwise (which they didn’t) then Joshua must have risen on the third day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread, which was from Friday eve. / Saturday.  Now, I know that most of us have believed for forever and a day that Joshua rose on the first day of the week, so this revelation is probably a bit shocking to almost everyone reading this right now.

Please be patient with me as I continue to expound on the Scriptures concerning this matter.

If Joshua was in the tomb for three full days and nights, as the Scriptures clearly
testify (i.e. MattithYahu / Matthew 12:38-39), then He couldn’t have risen until late afternoon on Saturday.  Even though seventy-two hours would have elapsed, thus making it impossible for Him to rise on the third day since His burial – it was still possible for Him to rise on the third day of The Feast of Unleavened Bread.  This would have been late Sabbath afternoon prior to the beginning of the fourth day since His burial.

This conclusion would answer the seeming contradiction of how Joshua could have been buried for a literal three full days and yet still rise on the third day.  What about the Scriptures that say He rose on the first day of the week?  What about the fulfillment of the Sabbath eve. / first day Feast of the First Fruits, you might ask?  Again, the answer must lie in the Scriptures.

MattithYahu / Matthew 28:1a records, “after the Sabbaths (plural) as it began to dawn toward the first day of the week”.  We think of the dawn (in our modern western thinking) as being synonymous with the sunrise.  The dawning (or the beginning) of a new day, according to Bereshith / Genesis 1:5, 8, 13, 19, 23 & 31, is always at evening.

The word used for dawn in the Greek (“epiphoskousa”; Strong’s Concordance #2020) can mean either moonlight or sunlight, as opposed to other Greek words that only can mean the light of the Sun, which the translator could have easily used instead.  This would make sense because at this time of the month the moon would have been much fuller and appeared much earlier than at other times of the month.

Mark 16:2 records, “(at) the rising of the sun”.  This could simply be a poor rendering of the word.  It should have probably been translated (before) the rising of the sun, as we will soon see by comparing the other gospel accounts.  In Luke 24:1, the original intent is that it was night (still dark out) (hours later than Matthew 28:1), and the sun had not come out yet by the time that the woman had returned to the tomb.  We will cover this second trip that scripture indicates in just a moment.

Finally, Yahonan 20:1 makes it perfectly clear that it was still dark when the women first visited the tomb.  I think most can agree that even during the nights of a fuller moon it can still get pretty dark outside.  Even if any of these verses did record their events before sunrise as being after sunrise (which they do not), the theme is still 100% consistent.  Joshua, the Son of Man, was already risen before they had arrived!

Before I cover the sequence of events from the resurrection to the fulfillment of the Feast of the First Fruits, permit me to address Mark 16:9.  It is the only verse in the Scriptures that seems to explicitly say that Joshua rose on a Sunday morning.  Please prayerfully consider this entire study text as a whole and then consider that in the original manuscripts of Scripture there were no commas or other modern day punctuation devices.

Mark 16:9 ~ “And having risen early on the first day of the week, He appeared first to Miryam from Magdala, from whom He had cast out seven demons.”

Now, re-read the verse with the comma correctly placed after the word risen, instead of the word week.

Mark 16:9 ~ “And having risen, early on the first day of the week He appeared first to Miryam from Magdala, from whom He had cast out seven demons.”

You see, by the mis-placing of one comma, there is only one verse in the entire cannon of Scripture that actually states as a matter of fact, that Joshua rose on the first day of the week.  By accepting this one verse and dogmatically insisting that the comma is placed correctly, then you must insist that every other Scripture concerning the resurrection is a contradiction.

There are no contradictions in the Set-apart Scriptures!  By carefully analyzing Mark 16:9; we can plainly see that it is Joshua’s appearing that is the subject of this verse and not His resurrection.

Now I will attempt to share with everyone the exact sequence of what occurred from the time of the resurrection.  Joshua rose on the seventh day Sabbath in the late afternoon.  Didn’t Joshua say that He was the Master of the Sabbath? I.e. MattithYahu / Matthew  12:8; Mark 2:28 & Luke 6:5  Didn’t He teach that it was lawful to do good on the Sabbath? I.e. MattithYahu / Matthew 12:12  Wouldn’t His resurrection, completely conquering the curse of sin and death and hell and the grave for us, be the greatest good that has ever been performed on any Sabbath day?

Yahonan / John 15:13 teaches us,

“Greater love hath no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends.”

Yes of course, I realize that that this day wasn’t the day that Joshua died, but of what significance would His death be to us if he had not risen to life on the Sabbath?  It was a day of rest.  There would have been no eyewitnesses of the removing of the stone by the Heavenly messenger at the time of the earthquake except the pagan Roman soldiers keeping their post.

Now think about it.  If you were the mother of Joshua the Messiah or Mary Magdalene, whom He had set free of seven devils, would you have waited any longer than you were obligated to by Yahweh’s Torah to tend to the body of the one you held in the highest esteem, especially if it were practical to do so (i.e. sufficient light out at night due to the fuller moon of Nisan 18)?  So, immediately the three Marys made their way to Joshua’s tomb as soon as the second Sabbath had come to an end. I.e. MatithYahu / Matthew 28:1; Mark 16:1 & John 20:1  Upon their arrival, they found the tomb empty and the stone rolled away. I.e. MattithYahu / Matthew 28:2-4; Mark 16: 3-4; Luke 24:2-3 & Yahonan / John 20:1

Then they went and told the disciples.  Kepha / Peter and Yahonan / John (i.e. Yahonan / John 20:2-8), along with the three ladies (i.e. Luke 24:2-3), returned to the Messiah’s empty tomb.  Kepha / Peter and Yahonan / John left perplexed and bewildered. (Yahonan / John 20:9-10)  Maybe together, but probably separately, (it is difficult to tell) the three woman (whom were all named Mary) stayed and all bore witness to the testimony of the messengers sent from Heaven above. I.e. Matt. 28:7-8; Mark 16:5-7; Luke 24:4-11 & Yahonan / John 20:11-13

It seems that Mary Magdalene was the last one among the three to witness the messengers.  This is why she is found lingering and alone in the garden, and it is also why she is the first to see Joshua resurrected. I.e. Mark 16:9 & Yahonan / John 20:14-18 Here in Yahonan’s Good News – Joshua says to Mary Magdalene, “do not touch Me for I have not yet ascended to My Father.”  Here is a major clue concerning the fulfillment of the Feast of The First Fruits of Yahweh.  Joshua ascended into Heaven for a little while just like He told Mary He would.

After only a short time, He then appears to the other women later that same day.  They are now on their way back to the disciples a second time to tell them of the vision of the messengers and their testimony that Joshua has risen.  We know that He had descended back to earth from Heaven because this time these women could touch Him. I.e. Matt. 28:9  Afterward, the Messiah appeared to two men on the road to Emmaus. I.e. Mark 16:12 & Luke 24:13-32

Once more we find a verse that the intent and meaning has been slightly obscured in translation. I.e. Luke 24:21  The original intended meaning was – not counting today [Sabbath eve. / first day] – it has been three days since the completion of these events. So, the first day from the completion of Joshua’s death would be Wednesday eve. / Thursday.  The second day would be Thursday eve. / Friday, and the third would be Friday eve. / Saturday.  Not only does this make sense, it is also the only way that this verse cannot be a contradiction to all the others.

Please see, On The Road To Emmaus (article 2) for clarity, and further insight about this encounter.

We have thus seen how we may reconcile by the Scriptures that Joshua was buried for three days and three nights, and how He still rose on the third day, but what about the reconciling of the prophetic fulfillment of the First Fruits offering by Joshua if He did not rise on Sabbath eve. / first day?  The First Fruits offering of the First Fruits was offered by the Aaronic High Priest at 9:00 a.m. on the first day of the week in the midst of the Feast of Unleavened Bread. I.e. Way yiqra / Leviticus 23:11

Remember, Joshua told Mary not to touch Him.  He said this because He was about to ascend into Heaven and present Himself as our High Priest at exactly 9:00 a.m. Yahrushalayim time.  He was / is the perfect and unblemished first fruit of us (the body of Messiah) His first fruits offering. I.e. 1Corinthians 15:20 & 23  Hebrews 9 tells us that the Father accepted Joshua’s offering on our behalf at this time.  This was done so the most set-apart place would be cleansed and we would be able to boldly enter in through faith. I.e. Ibrim / Hebrews 10:14, 4:16 & 10:19

Because of the nature of this offering, it was absolutely essential that Joshua was not contaminated by human contact before the fulfillment of the priestly service was made complete.  Please see the on-line Scripture study The Wave Sheaf Offering for further detailed analyses of this most significant point.  From the full counsel of Scripture, we can plainly see that Joshua did fulfill the Feast of the First Fruits offering for us all at the exact appointed time.


However, is there a second witness that can verify that this was the fulfillment of the feast and not the resurrection itself?  We know from Leviticus 23, the Feast of Shavuot (i.e. Pentecost) was to be celebrated exactly 50 days after the Feast of First Fruits. I.e. Way yiqra / Leviticus 23:15-16  On the morning of Pentecost (i.e. Shavuot), the High Priest of Yisrael would offer the Shavuot offering that Yahweh Elohim had commanded. I.e. Leviticus 23:17-21  This was to commence at exactly 9:00 a.m. Yahrushalayim time.

The fulfillment of the feast of Shavuot (the fourth annual feast of Yahweh) came when Joshua our high priest (after the order of the Malek-Zedek) poured out the offering of the Set-apart Spirit upon the first church at exactly 9:00 a.m. Yahrushalayim time. I.e. Acts 2:15  Yahweh fulfilled both the Feast of First Fruits and the Feast of Shavuot (Pentecost) exactly 50 days apart to the very second – Yahrushalayim time.

In conjunction with the performance duties of the Aaronic high priest, our high priest – Joshua, performed His duties on our behalf so that all the requirements of the sacrificial system that the Torah required may be fulfilled. I.e. Hebrews 10

Some may rightly ask, why didn’t the three Marys go to the tomb on the sixth day (Friday) if they were legally able? That is a very good question.

There are at least two apparent answers:

  1. It is understood that it was an all-day task to purchase and prepare the burial spices. This of course would have made it impossible for them to have bought the spices at an open market after the weekly Sabbath sunset (Saturday evening) and then properly prepare them, and then arrive prior to dawn, on the first day of the week, at Joshua’s tomb.
  2. Most importantly, they couldn’t legally go into the tomb until the first day of the week under Roman authority and law.  They would have been arrested! I.e. Matthew 27:62-66.  This is yet another possible proof that Joshua must have risen on the seventh day Sabbath because the Roman military was under direct orders to keep watch and make the tomb secure until the completion of the third day!  The Roman soldiers would have left as ordered after sunset on the Sabbath!

(A day by day time graph is available upon request – via e-mail.  It accurately charts each of the Good News accounts of each day leading up to and directly following the crucifixion.  Unfortunately, the format would not fit this blog’s site.)


Why, one might ask should the conclusion of this research make any difference to me?

Friend, there is a very hideous and dark force that has been in operation in this world for a very long time.  Rav Shaul (the apostle Paul) referred to it as “the mystery of iniquity” (i.e. 2Thessalonians 2:7)  This evil has conspired to cause the whole world to believe that Palm Sunday, Good Friday, and Resurrection Sunday are all Scriptural realities.

The truth of the matter is that these dates are all wicked fabrications and are abominable substitutions (along with the Christ-Mass (Christmas) and New Year) for the Set-apart Feasts that our Master Joshua commanded us to guard and observe forever. I.e. Way yiqra / Leviticus 23

Please see the following research papers:

The Origin of Christmas and Easter

Article On Christmas And Easter

The set-apart Feasts of Yahweh that our Master established as one of the signs between Himself and His people (i.e. Shemoth / Exodus 13:9 & 16 & Yehezkel / Ezekiel 20:12 & 20), wonderfully illustrate His plan of redemption for all and are to be held in esteem forever! I.e. Shemoth / Exodus 12:14, 17 & 24; 31:13 & 16-17; Way yiqra / Leviticus 16:31, 23:14, 21, 31 & 41; Bemidbar / Numbers 10:8; Debarim / Deuteronomy 4:40, 5:29, 12:28 & 29:29; 2Shemuel / Samuel 7:24; Luke 22:19; 1Corinthians 5:8 & 11:23-26; Ibrim / Hebrews 13:8; 1Yahonan / John 2:17 & YeshaYahu / Isaiah 66:22-23)  Scripture, astronomy, and many extra-Scriptural historical sources have proven this statement.

Think about what we have reviewed so far for just one moment.  We have seen how prophetically significant the first four feast fulfillments were in the person of Joshua the Messiah at the exact appointed time on each feast day.  Can you show me, from the Scriptures alone, even one command of Yawheh of Hosts to substitute His set-apart Feasts with any other?  Can you think of even one command from Yahweh to add additional Set-apart Feasts (i.e. religious holidays) to His calendar?

What do you suppose the prophetic significance of the next Set-apart Feasts to be fulfilled (the Feasts of the Ingathering) might be?  For the benefit of the readers who do not know, they are, in order, Yom Teruah or the Feast of The Trumpets of Judgment (i.e. Way yiqra / Leviticus 23:24-25), Yom Kippur or the Day of Atonement (i.e. Way yiqra 23:27-32) and Sukkot or the Feast of The Tabernacles (i.e. Way yiqra 23:39-43).  In addition, some believe that the last day of Sukkot, which is commonly known as the Last Great Day (i.e. Yahonan / John 7:37-38) is a feast in its own right and will prove to be of great prophetic significance.

Maybe it would be worth your time to study the Scriptures to understand the significance of these final feasts so that you may know how our Messiah will continue to fulfill each one, in the exact order given, at the “appointed times”, which is after all the intent of the Hebrew word for feast – “to keep an appointment.”

Messiah Joshua still has appointments to keep on each feast day that all may be fulfilled!

“For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the Torah, till all be fulfilled.” ~ MattithYahu / Matthew 5:18

“That in the dispensation of the fullness of times He might gather together in one all things in Messiah, both which are in heaven, and which are on earth; [even] in Him.” ~  Ephesians 1:10

It is my personal conviction that you cannot fully understand and appreciate Yahweh’s plan of reconciliation and redemption apart from the Set-apart Feasts.  My prayer for all of us is that our eyes will be open to who “the whore” and “the beast” of Revelation 17 and 13 truly are.  Understanding that it was both who put these contrivances into place and has enforced them by the sword throughout the ages.

If Yahweh’s Set-apart Spirit has convicted your heart that you have believed a great deception regarding the death, burial, and resurrection of the Master Joshua, then let me assure you my friend this is just one of the very smallest of deceptions that “the beast” and “the whore” have fabricated to deceive us.  We have believed that we love the Father when the Scripture itself testifies we hate Yahweh.  We say we love Him and yet we justify breaking His commandments by our traditions and not by the authority of His Word – the Set-apart Scriptures!

HaSatan became the “elohim of this world” long before Joshua was made manifest in the flesh. I.e. 2Corinthians 4:4 & MattithYahu / Matthew 4:8-9  Ever since he fell, he has been the enemy of the one true EL and has done everything he can to destroy mankind, the body of Messiah and our Father’s purpose.  The only power he and his army of fallen messengers and demons have is deception.  He is the “Father of Lies”. I.e. Yahonan / John 8:44

It was the monstrous dictator Adolph Hitler who allegedly once said, “the greater the lie the more people will believe it!”  Yahweh help us to search and study the Scriptures for ourselves; asking with an open mind / heart just how many more false beliefs do I (have I) believed to be Scriptural, but in all reality are just further abominable fabrications of “the beast” and “the whore”?

For some additional insights, please see the on-line publication: “The Anti-Christ” by Lawrence M. Nelson The Anti-Christ and “The Mark of the Beast” @  (Bible Study #25).  Also, I recommend “A Woman Rides the Beast” by Dave Hunt.  The book and / or video are available for purchase @ CHICK.

Also, please see the on-line publication “Smokescreens” by Jack Chick @ SMOKESCREENS  Finally, please see Alexander Hislop’s remarkable book “The Two Babylons”.  Please remember the warning that you received at the beginning of this paper as you endeavor to study these resources.

Prior to the nineteenth century, a few of the more serious scholars of the Scriptures knew who “the whore” and “the beast” of Revelation were / are.  Many scholars throughout the centuries before them had also attained to the same knowledge and revelation.  To them – it was oh so clear.

Around the nineteenth century however, the number of those few who continued to expose “the whore” of revelation dropped off, until there were nearly none by the mid-20th century.  In the meantime, by the beginning of the 21st century, few can remember with any clarity “the beast”, its reign, and / or the mark he suffered the world to take!  Even fewer still preach against “the beast”.

They have forgotten “the beast” and his mark, and he has been growing in strength and momentum ever since his seeming death in 1798.  (Some scholars say 1814 while others 1850.)  While these disagree on the exact dates the reign of the beast began and ended they all agree on who “the beast” was and is!

This is exactly what the Scriptures foretold would happen! (Revelation 13:14)  “The beast” has been healing and recovering while his mark has been growing in strength and in numbers (unprecedented world-wide popularity and acceptance), ever since he returned on the world scene just prior to the mid-1900s.

Now here is the greatest smokescreen of them all!!!!!!

The religious organization that is behind the public railing against the few who courageously identify “the whore” of Revelation (making all kinds of threats, accusations and retaliations), most secretly wants those who preach against “the whore” to make her the sole of their focus and determination just so long as they continue to forget “the beast” and his mark.

This was their plan of subtlety all along – long before it began to be enacted and come together in the mid-1800s.  It is now a historical fact that all who expose and preach against “the whore” and do not preach against “the beast” have been sucked right into (probably and hopefully in ignorance) one of the most diabolical lies ever conceived by this insidious evil.

Without even knowing who they are or what they are doing these have all become servants of “the beast” and even his very best prophets.  Unknowingly, they preach for all to worship the beast and his image.

While meditating on Revelation 13:14-15 and what an image is, one of the things I thought of was a mirror image.  When I compare the core false beliefs of this dark force, (that is “the whore” and “the beast”) and that of the Mainline, Protestant, Christian, Baptist, etc. churches in the world today – I see a mirror image!

Most Christians won’t because they really believe that the beliefs and values they share in common with “the whore” and “the beast” are genuinely of Yahweh.  They refuse to see anything wrong with what “the whore” and “the beast” are doing or not doing (the sins of commission and omission) because they themselves fully agree by their dogma, doctrines and traditions of men.

Therefore, they either commit or omit many of the same sinful heretical practices.  This is also the reason that those who expose “the whore” of Revelation will preach against some of the minor reasons that these saints were martyred by “the whore” and “the beast” for their faith in the one true El and his son Joshua, but will consciously omit the other more substantial reasons.

Their reasoning goes something like this: How could believing this doctrine or not believing this doctrine possibly be a reason to be put to death (martyred for Joshua) by “the whore” and / or “the beast”?  Why, I myself believe that to be true, so how could it possibly be false?

The tragedy is that they think that the Scriptures support their false belief system when they are actually in direct opposition to the Scriptures, and in fact make themselves the enemy of Yahweh.  I challenge anyone to show me, by the Scriptures alone, one true doctrine that is also “the whore’s” or “the beast’s” doctrine, untainted and un-perverted in its teaching and / or application of the same.

If even for one moment you think that it is possible, it just goes to show how real the deception is, and almost no one recognizes it.  Please reply anyway though, for my love for you would refute you so that you may come into agreement with and love the Truth enough to repent and make Him the Master of your life.  Which is after all the very Truth referred to in 2Thessalonians 2:10.  This similar thing happened in Messiah’s day.

He said to (the equivalent of the modern-day church leadership of His day, the Pharisees and Sadducees).

“You search the scriptures for in them you think you have eternal life!” – “You do err!” I.e.Yahonan / John 5:39; Matt. 22:29 & Mark 12:24

Is anyone listening?  Joshua is warning us today!

Error, error, error!  Is anyone listening?  Joshua is warning us today, repent, repent, REPENT!  Listen, every assembly of Elohim!  We are constantly listening and yet never hearing!  We are constantly seeing, but never perceiving! I.e. Yehezkel / Ezekiel 12:1-2 We are forever learning and never able to come to the knowledge of the Truth! I.e. 2Timothy 3:7

Does all this seem like just a bunch of cryptic messages by a raving mad man to you?

Then please let me ask some questions that truly need to be answered by an intellectually honest mind and heart.

  1. The book of Daniel is a book this evil of which I have been alluding to has on occasion directly (but mostly indirectly) tried to expunge from the Scriptures and discredit (many times successfully) down throughout the centuries.  Which one-world leader (positionally) throughout history (more than any other) has had the power to single-handedly change the world’s calendar and the law (meaning the Torah of Elohim – including but not limited to the Ten Words of the Covenant – i.e. The Ten Commandments) and has overseen the killing and persecution of more saints than any other (well into the hundreds of millions) – thus fulfilling Daniel 7:21-25?

Hint: the official title upon his triple-tiered, bejewelled crown as well as numerous other titles he has bestowed upon himself = 666 in the Latin, the Greek, and the Hebrew when translated from each respective alphabet to their numerical equivalent. I.e. Revelation 13:18  This is important and most significant because for most of the first 1600 years of the church the set-apart Scriptures were primarily available in these three languages.


  1. Why is Daniel 9:24-27 fraudulently manipulated so badly in the King James Version that one needs a PhD or its equivalent to make any sense of it whatsoever?  For comparison and clarity please read the Revised Standard Version and the Moffat translations.
  2. How come most Bible “scholars” today choose to completely disavow themselves from the standard of interpreting prophecy set in 2Kepha / Peter 1:20?

Yahweh has specifically revealed there are three ways to reckon time in the Bible.

  1. A wage earner: A day’s work = a day’s wages. I.e. Yeshayhu / Isaiah 16:14 & 21:16
    2. A prophet: 1 day = 1 year. I.e. Yehezkel / Ezekiel 4:6 & Bemidbar / Numbers 14:34
    3. Yahweh: 1 day = 1000 years. I.e. Mizmore / Psalm 90:4 & 2Kepha / Peter 3:8-10.

To ask the same question a more direct way.  How come the 70 weeks of Daniel 9:24-27 are always interpreted to be a year for a day (I fully agree), however, the 1,260 days of Daniel 7:25 and the days of Daniel 12:7,11 & 12 are normally falsely interpreted (?) to be a literal day for a day?

  1. Why are all the beasts of Daniel 7 interpreted correctly to be succeeding world empires that immediately follow one after the other starting with Babylon and ending with Rome – while the beasts found in Revelation 13 are privately interpreted by most prophecy “scholars” to be men and not the succeeding world empires that they are – immediately following one after the other from the time of Rome right up until the victorious return of Joshua Messiah?
  2. Who has rewritten, edited and then passed down our history and spiritual heritage to each one of us?  Was our tradition and heritage passed down to us by those who were martyred for their testimony of Joshua Messiah and of Yahweh of Hosts or by those whom martyred them?

I am of no religious persuasion / denomination.  I have no church or organization – nor do I desire one.  I am simply a man who was questioned / challenged by another man (David W. Daniels – the head of operations at CHICK publications Ontario, CA.) to prove that all the claims of Scripture concerning the timing of Joshua’s resurrection are correct and without contradiction.

Our Messiah did in fact rise on the third day, after three days and three nights in the grave and in doing so He prophetically fulfilled the prophetic significance of each of the first four feasts that Yahweh gave Israel / the church (i.e. Romans 9:6) at the exact pre-appointed time.  I believe that I have met this challenge successfully by the Scriptures alone.

In doing so, I have stumbled across the revelation of who “the whore” and “the beast” are and have always been.  I have recently repented of taking the physical manifestation of “the mark of the beast” and worshipping “the beast” (in complete ignorance of course).  I have also repented of my encouraging scores of others to take “the beast’s” mark as well as transgress the eternal laws of Yahweh(in complete ignorance once again).  Finally, I have repented of not loving Yahweh of Hosts the majority of my life in the true and scriptural sense. I.e. Yahonan / John 15:9-14

Out of my ignorance; I had been practicing spiritual fornication, by transgressing Yahweh’s law almost all of my life.  At the time, I had no idea that Jeremiah the prophet had testified of my spiritual condition more than 2500 years earlier…

“O Yahweh, my strength, and my fortress, and my refuge in the day of affliction, the gentiles shall come unto thee from the ends of the earth, and shall say, Surely our fathers have inherited lies, vanity, and things wherein there is no profit.” ~ YirmeYahu / Jeremiah 16:19 

In essence, I have repented and become a true disciple of Joshua who has made the decision with ALL my heart, mind, soul, and strength to love Yahweh Abba and His Son Joshua.  I have committed myself and my household to keeping His commands and to not trying to figure out and decide anymore (on my own or with the help of any man-made organized religious organizations) which ones He meant for me to keep and which ones its ok to break – because it is justified by my keeping extra-biblical tradition.

I have made the quality decision to be the person that I had claimed to be all along; a believer who believes the Scriptures to be the Word of Yahweh.  It’s just now that statement is no longer a lie.  I am just now beginning to understand that our Father is completely set-apart and exactly what His set-apart nature requires of me as His son. I.e. Acts 16:31

All that I understood before concerning the character and nature of our Father and what He expects of me as His son can truthfully be called a 100% misunderstanding.

I love you all richly!

Sincerely and in Love, His servant and yours,
Robert-Arthur: McDuffie 

Int’l Voice Mail 941-227-5433

Ps – The Psalm spoken by David prophesied, “The set-apart one would not see corruption.” I.e. Psalm 16:10 & Acts 2:27 & 31.  If Joshua the Son of Yahweh had risen from the dead on Sat. eve. / Sunday His body would have begun to decay and would have seen the corruption of death.  It is a scientific fact that the body visibly decays from 0-3 days from the time of death.  It is also a fact that the presence of blood accelerates the bodies decay rate.  Joshua’s body was emptied of most of His blood before He was buried, thus allowing for the maximum time factor of 3 days and nights prior to His body seeing destruction and thus fulfilling prophecy by rising at the end of the 3rd day!

Pps – “The Passover Feast, “The Whore” and “the Beast” continues to be revealed in other posts on this blog site under Daniel 7 and Revelation 13 Bible studies and “The Mark of Elohim”.  In these further studies, you will discover who “the whore” and “the beast” are as revealed by the set-apart Scriptures.  You will also discover, what the “mark of the beast” is and what it means to “worship the beast” as defined by the set-apart Scriptures.




DO YOU LOVE ME? (Legalism Versus Obedience) – Part 3

Just in case you missed parts 1 & 2 – you can read either blog via the links provided directly below.


Before the fall – everything was 100% perfect! When all of creation was still in this state of perfection – Yahweh gave the the instruction (the Torah) to “Choose Life!”

He set before the man and the woman two trees. One tree would clearly bring death and the other would only bring life. According to the Scripture – the tree that would bring death did not look deadly at all. As a matter of fact, it was very beautiful and appealing.

“And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her; and he did eat.” Read the full post »